托福培训学校-环球托福[环球教育旗下品牌]

托福语法冠词的用法

2014-09-10 10:55| 来源:环球托福

摘要: 托福写作中,绝不是词汇就可以一统天下的,语法问题也是高分必需要攻克的一道难关,想要写出逻辑清晰,遣词造句正确丰满的高质量托福作文,托福写作语法不可忽视。上海环球托
上海托福培训官网
    托福写作中,绝不是词汇就可以一统天下的,语法问题也是高分必需要攻克的一道难关,想要写出逻辑清晰,遣词造句正确丰满的高质量托福作文,托福写作语法不可忽视。上海环球托福分享给大家托福语法之冠词的用法。

    一 基本规律(Basic rules)
    1. Indefinite article (不定冠词)
    我们用 "a , an " 当我们不知道他是诸多人或事中的哪一个:
    * is one of many. ( 是许多个中的一个)
    He is an artist.(=there are many artists)
    * is not unique. (不是唯一的)
    I have just bought a book
    * has not been mentioned before. (之前没有提到过)
    There was a new student in class today.
 
    2. Definite article (定冠词)
    我们用 " the " 当我们知道他是诸多人或事中的哪一个:
    * is unique (or unique in that context) (是唯一的)
    The Australian Prime Minister. (=there is only one)
    I looked inside, the engine was in a terrible state.(=there is only one engine, in this case)
    * has been mentioned before. (之前提到过)
    The man gave me a ticket. I looked at it, and saw thatthe ticket was a single.
    * is defined by the phrase which follows it. (要被接下来的短语详细说明)
    What is the new student's name?
 
    3. No articles (无冠词)
    我们不用冠词当我们普遍地提及事物的时候:
    * using plural or uncountable nouns (在使用复数或不可数名词时)
     Do you like sport?
    * with the names of people or places, but there aremany exceptions (人名和地名的时候不用冠词,但是地名有许多例外,下文一一介绍)
    He is Professor Jones
 
    4. Fixed phrases ( 固定短语)
    有许多固定搭配需要用或者不用冠词,我们应该来单独学习,他们包括:
    a few at home at work at the beginning atthe end go to bed
    go to the cinemas, shops,station in the world once a week
    sixty kilometres an hour the next the other the other day
    the same
 
    二 经常发生问题的区域 (Areas that often cause problems)
    1. Jobs (工作)
    如果有许多人做这个工作我们用 a 或 an.:
    My husband is an architect. (=there are many architects)
    但是如果一个工作特别对应一个人,我们就要用“the”了:
    He is having talks with the French foreign minister(外交部长). (=there is only one)
 
    2. Superlative (最高级)
    我们使用“the”在形容词最高级前面:
    She is the best person for the job.
 
    3. Last and next
    有一些形容词如 “last” 和 “next ”同时可以用也可以不用定冠词“the”但是句意会发生变化
    I saw James last night. (=the one before this one)
    It is the last night of our holiday. (=the fanal one)
    I will see you next week.(=the one after this one)
 
    4. Institutions: school, prison, university, church,home, hospital
    和以上机构连用时我们不用定冠词“the”
    My sister had to stay in hospital overnight.
    然而,如果我们指的是这个建筑,我们就要用“the”
    Our flat is opposite the hospital.
 
    以上就是环球托福小编整理的托福语法之冠词的用法。希望对大家有用。