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新托福阅读的修辞目的题答题技巧

2014-06-06 14:38| 来源:环球托福

摘要: 今天环球托福的老师来为大家讲解一下新托福阅读的修辞目的题,这类题型在新托福阅读考试中出现频率也很高,但是特点也比较明显也就是根据题干中的信息还原作者的态度。
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今天环球托福的老师来为大家讲解一下新托福阅读的修辞目的题,这类题型在新托福阅读考试中出现频率也很高,但是特点也比较明显也就是根据题干中的信息还原作者的态度。

那么此类题型中逻辑关系显得异常重要,往往考查的核心就是对逻辑关系词的把握,常见考点是举例,转折,比较,而其中举例是最最多的
 
 
Paintings must have rigid stretchers so that the canvas will be taut, and the paint must not deteriorate, crack, or discolor. These are problems that must be overcome by the artist because they tend to intrude upon his or her conception of the work. For example, in the early Italian Renaissance, bronze statues of horses with a raised foreleg usually had a cannonball under that hoof. This was done because the cannonball was needed to support the weight of the leg.
 
Why does the author discuss the bronze statues of horses created by
artists in the early Italian Renaissance?
 
A To provide an example of a problem related to the laws of physics that
a fine artist must overcome
B To argue that fine artists are unconcerned with the laws of physics
C To contrast the relative sophistication of modern artists in solving
problems related to the laws of physics
D To note an exceptional piece of art constructed without the aid of
technology
 
这道题典型的举例逻辑考查,题干中的涉及到的信息正好位于example里面,所以作者举例的目的当然是服务观点,所以只要找出观点即可,而ETS的观点跟细节的顺序往往是观点在前细节在后,所以答案很容易选到A
 
 
One of the most puzzling aspects of the paintings is their location. Other rock paintings—for example, those of Bushmen in South Africa—are either located near cave entrances or completely in the open. Cave paintings in France and Spain, however, are in recesses and caverns far removed from original cave entrances. This means that artists were forced to work in cramped spaces and without sources of natural light. It also implies that whoever made them did not want them to be easily found. Since cave dwellers normally lived close to entrances, there must have been some reason why so many generations of Lascaux cave dwellers hid their art.
                                                           
 
Why does the author mention Bushmen in South Africa in paragraph
 
○To suggest that ancient artists from all over the world painted animals on rocks
○To contrast the location of their rock paintings to those found at Lascaux
○To support the claim that early artists worked in cramped spaces
○To give an example of other artists who painted in hidden locations
 
 
这道题略有不同,虽然题干中仍然有表示举例的逻辑词,但是发现选项中没有一个能跟原文第一句话对应,所以这时候往后寻找逻辑,很容易抓到However这个转折逻辑词,那通过简单的句意理解就能看出作者其实是将South Africa的paintings和France and Spain的paintings进行对比,来说明Location的问题,所以选择的是B。
 
以上,就是环球托福的老师为大家带来的部分新托福阅读的修辞目的题答题技巧,希望可以为大家备考带来帮助,最后,祝愿每一个同学都可以取得理想中的成绩。更多最新最全2014托福机经尽在上海环球托福官网。