托福培训学校-环球托福[环球教育旗下品牌]

托福阅读题型之细节题解题法

2014-05-30 10:49| 来源:环球托福

摘要: 托福细节题是托福阅读题里最常见的一种题型,也是考生比较头疼的一种题型,在环球托福老师看来,其实这类细节题题型最重要的就是准确的定位
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托福细节题是托福阅读题里最常见的一种题型,也是考生比较头疼的一种题型,在环球托福老师看来,其实这类细节题题型最重要的就是准确的定位,因为在托福阅读里面主要考察的能力就是信息提取和信息核对,那么针对重要信息的定位就显得异常关键,往往我们在段落里准确的找到题干所对应的句子,通常一句就够了,答案就会浮出水面。

此外有些正确选项的常见特征也是需要我们注意的,今天,环球托福的老师主要给大家通过几道例题,来分析一下这类托福细节题题型要注意的几个方面。
 
1.符合题干:

1. Perhaps so much time has passed that there will never be satisfactory answers to the cave images, but their mystique only adds to their importance. Certainly a great art exists, and by its existence reveals that ancient human beings were not without intelligence, skill, and sensitivity.

Why might the puzzling questions about the paintings never be answered?3
○Keeping the paintings a mystery will increase their importance.
○The artists hid their tools with great intelligence and skill.
○Too many years have gone by since the images were painted.
○Answering the question is not very important to scholars.
 
这道题其实通过answer,paintings等词就很快定位到第一句话。但是很多考生接下来给出的答案是A,因为他们提取的信息是but转折之后的分句,但是仔细一核对题干,我们会发现尽管A这个答案的确在原文中找得到对应,但是没跟题干没有任何关系,题干中核心的词时why,所以要正确选项要回答这个为什么,所以我们看前半句,里面有一个比较暗的因果逻辑关系词so…that…那么so之后跟的是原因发现是much time,所以答案果断选C。
 
 2.同义改写:

Sensitivity to physical laws is thus an important consideration for the maker of applied-art objects. It is often taken for granted that this is also true for the maker of fine-art objects. This assumption misses a significant difference between the two disciplines. Fine-art objects are not constrained by the laws of physics in the same way that applied-art objects are. Because their primary purpose is not functional, they are only limited in terms of the materials used to make them.
Sculptures must, for example, be stable, which requires an understanding of the properties of mass, weight distribution, and stress.
Paintings must have rigid stretchers so that the canvas will be taut, and the paint must not deteriorate, crack, or discolor. These are problems that must be overcome by the artist because they tend to intrude upon his or her conception of the work. For example, in the early Italian Renaissance, bronze statues of horses with a raised foreleg usually had a cannonball under that hoof. This was done because the cannonball was needed to support the weight of the leg. In other words, the demands of the laws of physics, not the sculptor's aesthetic intentions, placed the ball there.
That this device was a necessary structural compromise is clear from the fact that the cannonball quickly disappeared when sculptors learned how to strengthen the internal structure of a statue with iron braces (iron being much stronger than bronze).

Sculptors in the Italian Renaissance stopped using cannonballs in bronze statues of horses because

(2)○they began using a material that made the statues weigh less
○they found a way to strengthen the statues internally
○the aesthetic tastes of the public had changed over time
○the cannonballs added too much weight to the statues
 
这道题同样先考虑定位词的选择,我用的是stop using这个动词,因为其他几个名词在段落中出现的频率太高了,所以该换动词,往往动词定位价值会更高,但它们更能定位,因为原文经常会替换它们的表现形式。最后一句是定位句,里面的quickly disappear就能够同义替换掉stop using,那之后我们发现整个题干其实就是定位句的前半部分,而选项其实只要找到后半句的同义替换就可以了,所以答案选B。这道题充分反映了这类题型的实质就是同义替换,
 
环球托福的老师还提到,常见定位词有时间,大写字母,数字,专有名词。希望通过这么详细的解说可以帮助同学们拿下托福阅读题型,细节题这个关卡,赢得托福考试的最终胜利。