托福培训学校-环球托福[环球教育旗下品牌]

托福阅读备考之句子插入题解题法

2014-05-23 10:19| 来源:环球托福

摘要: 托福阅读中句子插入题这种题型也是托福的经典题型之一,要注意把握几种技巧,今天环球托福老师给大家介绍其中一种技巧,叫做巧用代词。
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托福阅读中句子插入题这种题型也是托福的经典题型之一,要注意把握几种技巧,今天环球托福老师给大家介绍其中一种技巧,叫做巧用代词。
 
 Extinct but already fully marine cetaceans are known from the fossil record. █ How was the gap between a walking mammal and a swimming whale bridged? █ Missing until recently were fossils clearly intermediate, or transitional, between land mammals and cetaceans. █ Very exciting discoveries have finally allowed scientists to reconstruct the most likely origins of cetaceans. █ In 1979, a term looking for fossils in northern Pakistan found what proved to be the oldest fossil whale.
                                                    
This is a question that has puzzled scientists for ages.
这道题利用This代词,然后直接插入第2个空们因为明显第2句话就是question,而代词This只能就近指代。
 
 Since 1980, the use of wind to produce electricity has been growing rapidly. █In 1994 there were nearly 20,000 wind turbines worldwide, most grouped in clusters called wind farms that collectively produced 3,000 megawatts of electricity. █Most were in Denmark (which got 3 percent of its electricity from wind turbines) and California (where 17,000 machines produced 1 percent of the state’s electricity, enough to meet the residential needs of a city as large as San Francisco). █In principle, all the power needs of the United States could be provided by exploiting the wind potential of just three states—North Dakota, South Dakota, and Texas. █
  
Some companies in the power industry are aware of this wider possibility and are planning sizable wind-farm projects in states other than California.
 
这道题也是利用This后的wider possibility来尝试解决,结果发现没有直接的对应词,但是发现每句话的动词使用上有差别,只有最后一句话用了could,其他都是完成式+过去式,说明这件事已经完成了,而只有最后一句话的could能够表示一种愿景和可能,所以插入空为D
 
 █ Exhibitors, however, wanted to maximize their profits, which they  could do more readily by projecting a handful of films to hundreds of customers at a time (rather than one at a time) and by charging 25 to 50 cents admission. █   About a year after the opening of the first Kinetoscope parlor in 1894, showmen such as Louis and Auguste Lumière, Thomas Armat and Charles Francis Jenkins, and Orville and Woodville Latham (with the assistance of Edison’s former assistant, William Dickson) perfected projection devices. █ These early projection devices were used in vaudeville theaters, legitimate theaters, local town halls, makeshift storefront theaters, fairgrounds, and amusement parks to show films to a mass audience. █                                                                                   
 
When this widespread use of projection technology began to hurt his Kinetoscope business, Edison acquired a projector developed by Armat and introduced it as “Edison’s latest marvel, the Vitascope.”
 
这道题仍然利用this后面的指代词widespread use of projection technology,那所对应的信息点必须是广泛的技术使用,发现只有最后一句话有这么表述,所以答案选D
 
像在托福阅读备考中托福句子插入题这样的题型,在掌握技巧的同时也要强加锻炼,使得技巧使用的更加娴熟,最后环球托福的老师祝愿大家考试一切顺利,取得自己满意的成绩。