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怎么抓住托福阅读信号词

2014-03-27 19:34| 来源:环球托福

摘要: 托福阅读时,我们可以根据段落中出现的一些信号词(Signal Words)来判断句子与句子之间的关系,下面环球托福就带大家一起来看看托福阅读中怎么抓住托福阅读信号词。
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托福阅读时,我们可以根据段落中出现的一些信号词(Signal Words)来判断句子与句子之间的关系,掌握段落发展线索,来调整阅读速度,提高阅读质量,以便更有效地完成题目,下面环球托福就带大家一起来看看托福阅读中怎么抓住托福阅读信号词。
 
1.    显示说明与解释信息的信号词; for instance/ (None)
 
Women could and did play a part in this process of settlement. Iceland, for instance, was uninhabited, and a permanent population could only be established if women also made the journey there. (后一句的具体事例为前一句提供说明与解释)
 
Astronomy is a science that deals with all the celestial bodies in the universe. Astronomy includes the study of planets and their satellites, comets and meteors, stars and interstellar matter, star systems and clusters. (后一句是对前一句celestial bodies 的进一步解释)


2.显示因果信息的信号词:because of
 
People borrowed more and more money so that they could buy these shares. Because of this, the American people started to believe that share prices could only go up further. (“because of”明显的因果关系)


3.显示转折对比信息的信号词:However

Previously it was believed that due to the Archaeopteryx's (始祖鸟) underdeveloped anatomy, it would not have been able to fly. However, research by the London Natural History Museum into its brain developed and that it had good vision and a good sense of balance — all the requirements for a creature to be able to fly. (“However”转折对比)

阅读时,我们可以根据段落中出现的一些信号词(Signal Words)来判断句子与句子之间的关系,掌握段落发展线索,来调整阅读速度,提高托福阅读质量。
 
显示思路转折的信号词:but

I'd like to go but I'm too busy.

“but”前后是完全不同的信息描述,它向读者显示了作者的思路在这里有了转折。阅读时,碰到这样的信号词我们需放慢阅读速度,以准确获取作者真正想要说明的意思。这类信号词还有:

although, however, on the contrary, but, in spite of, otherwise, despite, nevertheless, yet

4.显示相同信息的信号词:likewise

There has been an upsurge of interest in chamber music. Likewise opera is receiving a boost from increased record sales.

“likewise”这一信号词显示了前面所提到的idea后面还要再一次出现。因此,阅读时见到这样的信号词无须放慢阅读速度。
 
这样的信号词还包括:

and, furthermore, more, than, that, also, likewise, moreover, in addition, what is more, for instance, for example

以上就是环球托福推荐的托福阅读怎么抓住托福阅读信号词的文章,希望考生们能从中有所收获,,阅读时我们不应把每个句子都孤立开来,而是要把所有的句子连成一个整体,通过准确把握句子与句子之间的逻辑关系来挖掘段落的核心意义。最后,环球托福预祝大家的托福阅读拿下高分!