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托福阅读图表题做题方法解析

2014-03-21 17:15| 来源:环球托福

摘要: 今天,环球托福为大家带来托福阅读图表题做题方法解析,供参考。
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今天,环球托福为大家带来托福阅读图表题做题方法解析,我们将从托福阅读图表题特点开始介绍,值得你学习。环球托福愿与你分享。
 
图表题题型特点介绍
 
  • 图表题是唯一全文考察题型,
  • 图表题为文章细节分类题(都是细节选项)。
  • 图表题的文章必为比较类文章。
 
图表题做题技巧
 
图表题做法与正面信息题类似。关键在于回查。由于机考的界面不能同时展示问题和文章,就需要先摘录选项,再回查。
记笔记的同时整理出一些条理:
  • 1.内容不在分类之内的不选;
  • 2.选项间有对比性的通常都是正确答案。
 
图表题出题频率和分值
 
图表题在每篇文章中只出现一题。撇开加试不算,一般一次托福考试只出现一个图表题,但分值为整个托福阅读单项最高 ,一定要给予足够的时间。 
      7选5,  3
      10选7, 4分   
 
图表题练习例文:
 
Sand Dunes
Sandy deserts contain enormous volumes of sand eroded from mountains and carried to the deserts by wind or water. The huge quantities of sand that make up sandy deserts are blow about into dunes of various shapes.
 
Ridge dunes form where there are large amounts of sand, generally in the interiors of deserts, and winds blow in one direction. Under these conditions, parallel ridges of sand, known as transverse dunes, form at right angles to the wind.
 
When the direction of the wind changes so that it comes from different directions, star-shaped dunes form from the massive amounts of sand in desert interiors. Star-shaped dunes are relatively stable dunes that reach incredible heights, up to 80 meters high in some deserts, and are quite common in massive deserts such as the Sahara.
 
Crescent dunes form on the edges of deserts where there is less sand and where the winds blow mainly in one direction. These dunes, which are also known as barchan dunes are less stable than star-shaped dunes and can shift as much as 20 meters per year as winds blow over the outer curves of the crescent in the direction of the pointed ends.
 
Answer Choices (choose 4 to complete the chart):
1. Ridge and crescent dunes form where the winds blow from one direction.
2. Crescent dunes are also known as barchan dunes.
3. Star-shaped dunes form where the winds blow from different directions.
4. Transverse dunes are created parallel to the wind.
5. Ridge and star dunes form where there is a lot of sand.
6. Star-shaped dunes are more stable than crescent dunes.
7. Crescent dunes form where there is less sand.
 
Directions: Select the appropriate sentences from the answer choices, and match them to the critical information about the sand dunes to which they relate. THREE of the answer choices will not be used. This question is worth 3 points.
amount of
sand
•5
    •7
direction of
winds
•1
    •3
 
图表题是细心做就一定能作对的题。然而托福阅读考试的时候受到时间的限制就会使得分率大打折扣。因此提高阅读速度才是王道。
 
影响托福阅读速度的主要因素无外乎两个:词汇量和阅读习惯。
 
词汇量与托福阅读
词汇量达到5000,就可读懂托福阅读篇章,只要反复推敲,合理猜测,理解文章并不困难。然而要与托福难度的考题相结合,做对全部考题,却依然难以万全。
而这个根据上下文的文理推敲的过程,一旦加以时间限制,就马上分崩离析。在ibt考场精确的20分钟限时下,词汇的积累是一切技巧的基石。
 
不良托福阅读习惯
1. 哑读——不发声的朗读
拿一篇托福阅读文章念到滚瓜烂熟,朗读计时。此时得到的时间除以二,就是你阅读需要的时间。任何多余的时间都是你默念的结果。(参考数据,美国成年人平均阅读速度300w/m, 朗读速度150w/m)
 
2. 反复回读——多次重复阅读同一部分
即使是英美国家的读者也会回读文章重点或数据。但考生在限时考试时多次回读某一语句则为不良习惯。原因有二:a.长难句理解不清;b. 思维真空,难以集中
 
得知了以上问题,希望托福考友们能够克服,提升托福阅读速度。以上便是本次环球托福为大家介绍的关于托福阅读图表题做题方法解析。我们从托福阅读图表题特点、技巧、出题频率、阅读速度等,各个方面来讲解托福阅读图表题做题方法。希望能对你的托福阅读总分有所帮助。最后,环球托福祝你考试顺利!