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【托福预测】2015年9月13日托福阅读预测

2015-09-09 13:27| 来源:环球托福

摘要: 2015年9月13日托福考试马上就要来了,环球托福培训为托福考生们带来了超高效的2015年9月13日托福阅读预测,希望能为托福考生们带来帮助。
留学英语在线测试
  2015年9月13日托福考马上就要来了,环球托福培训为托福考生们带来了超的2015年9月13日托福阅读预测,希望能为托福考生们带来帮助。
  【托福阅读预测版本一】
  1. 段说有个美小城干旱缺水,一般城内使用水利设施采水,城外自己打井,水源来自附近雪山;
  二段说久而久之由于 global warming,山上的积雪变少,原本山上有个湖,以前水很多,现在所剩不多了;
  三段说农民完全依赖于灌溉系统。 但是用水分配不是按照比例来的而是按照一个对的水量数值,但是这个数值是某个雨水丰富的年份采集的,在多数年份都根本不够分;
  四段 说山上水少了就可能产生冲突,分水的原则是按先来后到,但是先来的农民都在下游,这些农民取了水,后来的农民们住在上游反而就更没有法采水了,结果上游农民急眼了,就会截流,下游农民就可以起诉,搞得鸡飞狗跳。
  2.希腊的环境观
  段 说古希腊认为环境都是神圣的,公园什么的都不可侵犯,认为是神住的地方。说这种环境观念或多或少影响 到了现代。
  二段 说到罗马时期都继承了这个观念,但是有区别 忘了。
  三段 说这中类似挂念传播到了其他文化,例如北欧什么的,都差不多。
  四段 说这种观念导致人们不敢多种农田之类的,因此受到批评。
 
托福考试培训
 
  【托福阅读预测版本二】
  PASSAGE 1
  By the mid-nineteenth century, the term "icebox" had entered the American language, but ice was still only beginning to affect the diet of ordinary citizens in the United States. The ice trade grew with the growth of cities. Ice was used in hotels, taverns, and hospitals, and by some forward-looking city dealers in fresh meat, fresh fish, and butter. After the Civil War (1861-1865),as ice was used to refrigerate freight cars, it also came into household use. Even before 1880, half the ice sold in New York, Philadelphia, and Baltimore, and one-third of that sold in Boston and Chicago, went to families for their own use. This had become possible because a new household convenience, the icebox, a precursor of the modern refrigerator, had been invented.
  Making an efficient icebox was not as easy as we might now suppose. In the early nineteenth century, the knowledge of the physics of heat, which was essential to a science of refrigeration,was rudimentary. The commonsense notion that the best icebox was one that prevented the ice from melting was of course mistaken, for it was the melting of the ice that performed the cooling.Nevertheless, early efforts to economize ice included wrapping the ice in blankets, which kept the ice from doing its job. Not until near the end of the nineteenth century did inventors achieve the delicate balance of insulation and circulation needed for an efficient icebox.
  But as early as 1803, an ingenious Maryland farmer, Thomas Moore, had been on the right track. He owned a farm about twenty miles outside the city of Washington, for which the village of Georgetownwas the market center. When he used an icebox of his own design to transport his butter to market, he found that customers would pass up the rapidly melting stuff in the tubs of his competitors to pay a premium price for his butter, still fresh and hard in neat, one-pound bricks.One advantage of his icebox, Moore explained, was that farmers would no longer have to travel to market at night in order to keep their produce cool.
  1. What does the passage mainly discuss?
  (A) The influence of ice on the diet
  (B) The development of refrigeration
  (C) The transportation of goods to market the
  (D) Sources of ice in the nineteenth century
  2. According to the passage , when did the word "icebox" become part of the language of United States?
  (A) in 1803
  (B) sometime before 1850
  (C) during the civil war
  (D) near the end of the nineteenth century
  3. The phrase "forward-looking" in line 4 is closest in meaning to
  (A) progressive
  (B) popular
  (C) thrifty
  (D) well-established
  4. The author mentions fish in line 4 because
  (A) many fish dealers also sold ice
  (B) fish was shipped in refrigerated freight cars
  (C) fish dealers were among the early commercial users of ice
  (D) fish was not part of the ordinary person's diet before the invention of the icebox
  5. The word "it" in line 5 refers to
  (A) fresh meat
  (B) the Civil War
  (C) ice
  (D) a refrigerator
  6. According to the passage , which of the following was an obstacle to the development of the icebox?
  (A) Competition among the owners of refrigerated freight cars
  (B) The lack of a network for the distribution of ice
  (C) The use of insufficient insulation
  (D) Inadequate understanding of physics
  7. The word "rudimentary" in line 12 is closest in meaning to
  (A) growing
  (B) undeveloped
  (C) necessary
  (D) uninteresting
  8. According to the information in the second paragraph, an ideal icebox would
  (A) completely prevent ice from melting
  (B) stop air from circulating
  (C) allow ice to melt slowly
  (D) use blankets to conserve ice
  9. The author describes Thomas Moore as having been "on the right track" (lines 18-19) to indicate that
  (A) the road to the market passed close to Moore's farm
  (B) Moore was an honest merchant
  (C) Moore was a prosperous farmer
  (D) Moore's design was fairly successful
  以上就是环球托福为托福考生们带来的2015年9月13日托福阅读预测,希望能给托福考生们带来帮助。如需了解更多托福考的相关信息,欢迎拨打托福考试培训的免费咨询热线021-33312283进行咨询,上海托福培训,请关注环球托福