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10.31托福写作范文:科学课是不是应该成为大学生必修课

2020-11-05 10:24| 来源:环球教育

摘要: 基础的科学课可以应用到日常生活当中,帮助解决生活中的问题。在基础科学课中的物理化学知识,比如在着火的时候,不应该一开始打开窗户,更多的氧气涌入会加剧火势。
留学英语在线测试

10月31日的独立写作题目,重复 2015 年大陆考区以及 2019 年北美考区原题。这次的话题有关校园必修课问题。让我们一起来看看吧!

想要获取10月31日完整阅读、听力、写作、口语考题回忆及解析的同学,在后台回复“1031”即可获得PDF链接~

 

01

写作题目

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

All university students should be required to take basic science courses even if they are notthe field of their study.

你是否同意或否定以下说法:所有的在校大学生都需要修基础科学课程,即使不在他们的专业学习专业中?

 

02

题目解读

学校行为类的题材屡见不鲜,具体到必修课类更是反复出现。

本题属于中等难度题,一定要牢记,反驳远比支持好写,因为支持端所对应到的必修课程内容从支持的角度来写,不论是维度、尺度还是角度均不好把控。 

三个主体段从两段支持+一段让步的结构出发较为好写:支持段主要从时间成本或金钱成本或压力成本出发讨论,让步段采用统一模式,片面地介绍 basic science courses 的好处,然后直截了当反驳。开头段通过介绍背景来切入话题,并引出我方立场。

 

03

范例思路

以下分别给大家提供了支持学生自主选择or 支持老师选择两种写法的观点参考,大家可以有选择地使用借鉴。

托福作文范文

不应该必修

会加重大学生的学业负担。大学生的课业已经非常繁忙,各科选修和必修课都填满了他们的时间表,如果再加上基础科学课,而且和他们的专业还不相关,会增加他们的课业压力。

还会增加大学生的经济压力。如果一些没有专门开设基础科学课的学校,会需要额外花钱去聘请更多的老师来上课,采购实验设备,要求学员购买科学课教材,这些费用之后都会转化为学费,成为学生的经济负担。

虽然我们必须承认基础科学课是有一定的必要性的,因为会联系到他学科的学习,但同样的道理,学习其他课程也能学到基础科学知识。

 

应该必修

基础的科学课可以应用到日常生活当中,帮助解决生活中的问题。在基础科学课中的物理化学知识,比如在着火的时候,不应该一开始打开窗户,更多的氧气涌入会加剧火势。在油燃烧着火的情况下,不应该用水扑灭,因为油会浮在水上面,无法起到灭火作用。这些知识可以帮我们在日常生活中避免危险,或者在危险中自救。

基础科学课可以更好地培养我们的思维方式。比如数学课程,通过严密的逻辑推理论证,可以帮我们锻炼逻辑思考能力,在之后的课程学习和日常生活问题处理中都非常有用。

虽然在大学生的必修课中再增加基础科学课会加重学业负担,但是因为基础科学课的知识是和其他科目相关,所以学习了基础科学课之后,可以提高其他科目的学习效率

 

04

有用词汇

be on the decline 逐渐减少

compulsory 必修的

eat into their precious time消耗宝贵的时间

is obliged to 有义务

deprive of 剥夺...

by the same token同样的道理

 

05

范文

Nowadays, students study a wide range of subjects and disciplines in universities; however,basic science courses are on the decline and are routinely merged with other subjects suchas engineering. Traditionalists argue that young people should know the nature of the worldand the evolution of human beings, and thus basic science courses should be compulsory for all students, regardless of their majors. I disagree with this view, as the proposition isproblematic.

 

First and foremost, the compulsory study of basic science will put more pressure onstudents and eat into their precious time. College students already study theoretical and professional courses, and their schedules are already very tight. For instance, ahistory-related student is obliged to complete a great number of readings for credits, andacquire several projects per semester. Students with such a heavy workload cannot afford tostudy irrelevant courses, such as basic science courses. Such situation will unnecessarilyburden students and jeopardize studies, exacerbating their worries about meeting multipledeadlines and passing final exams.

 

Next, the requirement to study basic science courses leads to unnecessary cost for parentsand students. Universities will need to recruit personnel, including administrative staff andlecturers or professors to deliver the lectures and tutorials, which will increase the cost ofschooling. Those costs will be passed onto the student and will be reflected in higher tuitionfees, depriving many underprivileged students of an opportunity to attend university. Also,textbooks of basic science cost students a lot, leading to another problem about fees. Takeone of the most famous universities in the world, UCSD, for example. Usually, basic sciencecourses change textbooks every year, and a black-white 200-page basic biology book willcost students 320 dollars. As a result of this, setting basic science courses as compulsoryones will cost a lot of unnecessary cost for students and their parents.

 

Admittedly, studying basic science is somehow beneficial for young people. Students willgain an understanding of how the world forms and works. Also, students may gain a betterunderstanding of current course issues by studying basic rules. For instance, students willlearn about mathematical information and apply such materials into physical and chemicalfields However, by the same token, knowledge from basic science courses can be gained by studying other compulsory courses.

 

In conclusion, although there are a few benefits to studying basic science courses, it wouldbe unfair to burden a student both academically and financially.

 

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