托福培训学校-环球托福[环球教育旗下品牌]

托福写作句型多变----倒装句

2014-05-06 14:17| 来源:环球托福

摘要: 如果在托福写作中用上倒装句,则可以为文章增色不少。下面为同学们带来的内容是托福写作巧用倒装句技巧。
上海环球托福春季班
托福写作评分标准中提到“syntactic variety”,意在强调句式的多变。其中,倒装句也是在写作中可以高频应用的高端句式。倒装句在文中起到强调的作用,可以用在开头段提出观点句,主体段理由句或者结尾升华主题句。

托福写作观点句:
Only through education can we rise in the world.
Only by receiving education can we rise in the world.
托福写作结尾句:
So severe is the environmental problem that we have no alternative but to take some feasible measures to deal with it.
Under no circumstance should we neglect the key role of friends in our life.
如果在文章中用上倒装句,则可以为文章增色不少。下面为同学们带来的内容是托福写作巧用倒装句技巧。

否定词提前倒装
否定词用于句首时,句子应进行部分倒装。
Not only…(but also),        Not until(直到…..才),
No sooner….(than)(一…..就)         Never/ Rarely/Seldom
Hardly/Scarcely… (when)            Few/Little

Hardly had I arrived home when it began to rain.
scarcely……when, no sooner ……than, hardly……when引导的主从复合句主句要求使用过去完成式。
Not only was he able to enter the final round of the contest, but he came out first as well.
No sooner had I got any chance to speak than the clerk slammed the door in my face.
Seldom does he travel about.

一些介词+no+名词的结构中需要用部分倒装,这些结构包括at no time; by no means; by no manner of means; for no reason; in no case; in/under no circumstances; in no sense; in no way; on no account; on no consideration; at no point
Under no circumstances should you betray your own country.

Only句首倒装
only + 副词(when, before, if, after等)或only+介词状语(由in, under, by, on, after等引导)提前,必须部分倒装
Only then did he realize how stupid he had been.
Only through hard work can people achieve success.

副词提前倒装 often, such, so等副词提前,部分倒装。
So diligently did he work that he got high scores on the final exam.
当 as引导让步状语时,和although, though一样,当用作“尽管”之义时,可以用于部分倒装句。
Strange as it may seem, parents’ attention sometimes hinders students’ academic progress.
Hard as he worked, he did not pass the exam.