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托福写作话题:环境话题

2014-04-18 14:51| 来源:环球托福

摘要: 今天,环球托福为大家推荐阅读托福写作话题:环境话题。供大家备考托福写作。环球托福愿与你分享每一篇好文章!
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今天,环球托福为大家推荐阅读托福写作话题:环境话题。我们从词汇、好句、特别关注度话题、范文,4个方面来全方位地整理了托福写作话题之环境话题。供大家备考托福写作。环球托福愿与你分享每一篇好文章!
 
一.托福写作环境类话题词汇:
 
1.Ecosystem 生态系统
2.Ecological balance/equilibrium 生态平衡
3.Biodiversity 生物多样性
4.Sustainable development 可持续发展
5.Conserve, preserve 节约使用,保护
6.Environmentally friendly, environmentalists 对环境无害的,环保主义者
7.Countries must join forces/make concerted efforts/unite to combat/tackle/solve/address environmental problems. 各个国家在应对环境问题上必须协同作战。
8.Raise/elevate public awareness of… 增强公众意识
9.Renewable resources, non-renewable resources, fossil energy (petroleum, natural gas, coal) 可再生资源,不可再生资源,化石能源(石油,天然气,煤)
10.Consume, deplete, exhaust 消耗,耗光
11.Shortage/scarcity/lack of 短缺
12.Put a strain on the already stretched resources 是已经短缺的资源更加紧张
13.Deforestation, illegal logging 砍伐森林
14.Discharge/emit green house gases/carbon dioxide 排放温室气体,二氧化碳
15.Car exhaust 汽车尾气
16.Non-biodegradable/non-decomposable garbage 白色垃圾,不可降解垃圾
 
二.托福写作环境类特别关注话题:
 
为什么要保护濒危物种 (biodiversity, balanced ecosystem)
保护化石能源,开发新能源 (solar energy, nuclear power, wind, water)
保护环境和发展经济矛盾吗 (sustainable development, financial and technological support)
 
三.托福写作环境类话题好句:
 
The earth’s ecosystem has been deteriorating at a staggering rate.
In this day and age, the impact man exerts on the environment is massive in scale.  
 
四.托福写作话题环境类范文:

Topic:
agree or disagree--the environment issues are too complicated, so individuals can do nothing about it on their own

With the Climate Summit in Copenhagen reaching a dead-end and with the fictional movie 2012 turning into a blockbuster, environmental issues have yet again become the most heated topic all over the world. People debate over whether the governments or the individuals should take on the primary role in protecting environment and in fighting pollution. Some hold that individuals should take the initiative but I argue that it is the governments that should take the leading part. The following analysis will further strengthen my viewpoint.
 
In the first place, environmental issues are too complicated and far-reaching for individuals to engage in. the most severe environmental issues today, such as global warming, various pollutions and preservation of wild species, are found in almost every country in the world. Individuals scattered across the globe can do very little to solve these problems without the mobilization and organization of their governments. The solution to environmental problems lies in the dedication and cooperation of all the governments in the world. Take global warming for an example. One person boycotting car use, or even a thousand people doing the same thing, won’t change the situation for a little bit. And after the unsuccessful climate summit in Copenhagen, we have realized how difficult it is to summon a global effort.
 
Secondly, it is human nature to focus on the immediate interests, which makes it hard for individuals to genuinely care about the environment. As an individual, we care the most about our own well-being and pay less attention to issues beyond our immediate interests. Like environmental protection. We don’t really worry about the gradual rising of sea level which will result in the submerging of small islands like Mal Dive. We may have lost a perfect honey moon destination, but there is still a bunch at hand. In this case, we should rely on the governments to urge and oblige their citizens to act altruistically and look into the big picture. For instance, the government may suspend factories that are emitting too much pollutant into the air or designate that cars with even and odd numbered licenses should take alternative days to go on street. When it comes to restrain our behavior for the sake of environmental protection, the government’s role is indispensible.
 
Based on the above analysis, we can safely draw the conclusion that it is not wise to solely rely on the individuals to take care of our environment. The governments have a bigger and more significant role to play.
 
上文,就是这次环球托福为大家推荐阅读托福写作话题:环境话题文章,更多相关的托福写作话题类学习内容,尽在环球托福!