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托福写作时态用一般现在式还是一般过去式?

2014-03-17 16:30| 来源:环球托福

摘要: 托福写作时态用一般现在式还是一般过去式?是我们常听到考生对于托福写作时态的疑问,今天,环球托福和大家来看看几个例子,来说明托福写作时态问题。
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托福写作时态用一般现在式还是一般过去式?是我们常听到考生对于托福写作时态的疑问,今天,环球托福和大家来看看几个例子,来说明托福写作时态注意什么,应该用什么时态。

例一:表述professor和材料时,托福写作用一般现在式还是一般过去式?
 
问:写professor怎么说的 和材料怎么说的 ?这个部分的表述用过去时还是一般时呢?
 
答:可以全部用一般现在时,也可以全部用过去时。环球托福建议全部用一般现在时。这是指你叙述的时态,如果阅读和听力中叙述到过去的事情,还是要用过去时态。
 
例二:托福写作例文
 
I have a little cousin and his parents always do schoolwork for him. However, because of this, he finally does not focus on his classes and listen to his teacher because from his point of view, his parents will help him on his work even he does not learn anything from classes. Finally, his school records becomes really unsatisfactory.
 
For instance, suicide happens every hour in this world. The reasons cause those people who finally decide to finish their precious life are always because of some difficulties they faced and those difficulties were once unbreakable as far as they were concerned.
 
解答托福写作之时态分析:
 
I have a little cousin and his parents always do schoolwork for him. However, because of this, he finally does not focus on his classes and listen to his teacher because from his point of view, his parents will help him on his work even he does not learn anything from classes. Finally, his school records becomes really unsatisfactory这句话的时态是对的,因为同学在描述一个客观事实,这个用一般式没有问题。如果同学描述的是很久之前发生的事情,比如你表弟现在长大了,你在这里描述他过去的事情,就得用过去式了。要视情况而定。不过写作的话没有太大问题。

For instance, suicide happens every hour in this world. The reasons cause those people who finally decide to finish their precious life are always because of some difficulties they faced and those difficulties were once unbreakable as far as they were concerned. 这句话时态没有问题,但是第二句话语法有错误The reasons cause those people who finally decide to finish their precious life are always because of some difficulties they faced and those difficulties were once unbreakable as far as they were concerned,这句话的主语是the reasons  are ….那这里的cause要用causing现在分词形式。
 
总的来说,对于托福写作用一般现在式还是一般过去式的问题,环球托福建议:可以全部用一般现在时,也可以全部用过去时。但注意这个时态是你叙述的时态,如果阅读和听力中叙述到过去的事情,还是要用过去时态。
 
今天环球托福对于托福写作用什么时态问题做了如上案例分析,希望对大家有所帮助。环球托福祝你托福写作考试顺利!