托福培训学校-环球托福[环球教育旗下品牌]

托福TPO32听力Conversation解析

2014-10-21 12:59| 来源:环球托福

摘要: 环球托福严春华老师为考生带来托福TPO32听力Conversation解析,希望对考生能够有所帮助。
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    环球托福严春华老师为考生带来托福TPO32听力Conversation解析,希望对考生能够有所帮助。

Conversation 1梗概:
学生去书店询问旧书回收的政策,店家告诉学生还在等教授给出的下个学期所需的书单,而学生的任课教授还没有给出书单,所以学生需要再等几天才知道,并且如果有新的版本的书,教授会使用新版本的。学生问如果教授不要这本书那该怎么办。店家给的解决方案是他们会通过批发商卖给别的大学。如果教授要这本书,学生应该尽快把书带过来,因为书店收购数量有限,如果要卖好价钱,学生应该保持书本的完好无损,最好没有铅笔做的笔记等划痕。如果实在无法收购,则贴广告直接卖给其他学生。
Comments:
Student: I need to sell back a textbook. 我要卖一本教科书。
Student: Can you tell me if this book will be on the buyback list? 你能告知我这本书是否在回收书单上吗?
本题为单刀直入型的主旨题,当工作人员问学生 Can I help you? 之后,学生立刻说出了来这里的主要目的:I need to sell back a textbook. 我要来卖书。所以对话的主旨一定是与“卖书”有关。之后的一系列对话还是围绕“卖书”。
Answer: C
 
Comments:
女人的转折词BUT引导答案:But we are still putting the list together. Professors have to tell us what books they’ll definitely need again next semester, and the deadline for them to let us know isn’t for a couple of days.
我还在整理书单,教授必须告诉我们他们下学期需要什么书,截止日期还有几天。
Answer: C
 
Detail【细节题】
细节题在托福听力占较大比重,是听力的考察重点。其出题方式很容易判断,比如:
What does the professor say about…?
What aspect of … does the professor mainly discuss?
According to the professor, what was the main reason that…?
Skills
很多考生在细节题方面存在困惑,认为难以攻破。事实上,虽说是考察“细节”,其实是主线上的重点重现。可以把托福听力看作是一条蜿蜒前行的河流,而细节考点通常是每一次明显的转弯。这些转弯会有前奏和收尾,然后行云流水般的过度到下一个细节。这么说大概会让大家有些不解,那么笔者截取一段托福听力的文本给大家演示一下。
学生提问:Oh. Well, can you tell me if this book will be on the buyback list?
然后工作人员回答,其中包含了一个BUT,这就是所谓的“明显转弯”,紧跟着的内容就是细节题的答案。I can look. But we are still putting the list together. Professors have to tell us what books they'll definitely need again next semester, and the deadline for them to let us know isn't for a couple of days. So the list I have here is not really complete.
Comments:
Usually if an updated edition of a textbook is available, professors will go for that one.如果有更新的版本,教授会要新的版本。
Answer: D
工作人员先用Um…这种语气助词减缓语速,并提出问题:What class is the book for? 这就是要在确定课程之后告知学生更多关于这本书能否被收购的事实,学生回答完之后,工作人员说:Professor Murphy. OK. I checked earlier and I know she hasn't gotten back to us on that class yet. So we don't know if she'll use the same book next time. Usually if an updated edition of a textbook is available, professors will go for that one.(SO也是一个重要的信号词,其功能在听力中与BUT相似)。
 
Comments:
本题是双选题,答案有两个出处。If professor Murphy does put it on the list, it is important that you come in as early as possible next Thursday. There's only a limited number of books we should buy back. Once we get the number of books we need for next semester, we would stop buying them.
首先要尽快,因为回收数量有限。
 But that also depends on what condition the book is in, so it needs to be cleaned up as much as possible.
其次要书要尽可能的干净,尽可能的保持完好。
Answer: BC
 
Comments:
重听部分是: If you want the best price for it… 如果你想要最好的价格。此话是补充学生提问的:You mean I have to erase all the pencil marks? 你的意思是我需要把所有的铅笔痕迹都擦掉?所以店员是想要强调书本保持干净的重要性。
Answer: A

Conversation 2
一位人类学教授与刚刚实地考察归来的学生对话心得,并谈到了论文主题。学生因为一直都想拿个林学方面的学位所以对生物课有兴趣,并参加了这次以自然为主题的实地考察。学生在考察的过程中发现人类行为对环境并不总是产生破坏性的影响,并发现适当砍柴可以促进植物的生产。教授表示同意,但同时指出,如果人类学的论文把砍柴作为论题就未必合适,因为要谈的是人类行为与文化或地区有关的话题。
 
本题是双选题,答案有两个出处。
Professor : “so you want to write your entire paper on wood harvesting?”. Student: “ Is that a problem?” Professor: “Well, it's certainly a timely topic. Researchers are investigating this now. Uh…it’s just that…well…I am not sure how it fits with the assignment. Remember you are supposed to be focusing on a particular culture or region.” 所以砍材对于人类学论文未必是最适当的主题。
Professor: “ It is so funny you mentioned that. I was just reading an article about an archaeological site in Turkey where scientists found evidence that ancient people had been harvesting the branches from pistachio and almond trees. Of course, when you prune these trees, cutting of just the branches like that, you are actually encouraging more growth! And you end up with a bigger crop of nuts. So this was a pretty smart strategy for collecting wood.” Student: “ See? That’s what I’d like to write about. I want to look at ancient methods of wood harvesting that didn’t result in the destruction of the whole forest.”学生是因为砍柴未必破坏环境才想把这一话题当成论文主题的。 
Answer BC
 
Professor: “So how was the field trip to the Nature Center yesterday? You are in that biology class, aren’t you?” Student: “Yeah. I am. The trip was amazing. We took a hike through the woods and our guide pointed out all kinds of animal and plant species. She could identify every bird, every tree…I have to tell you. I was very impressed with her knowledge.” Professor: “I am glad to hear you enjoyed the trip.” Student: “ Well, I am interested in getting an advanced degree in forestry after I graduate from here. So I love all this stuff. And actually, yesterday’s trip got me thinking about my research paper for your class.” 学生提到对取得林学学位感兴趣是在解释他为什么喜欢生物课。
Answer A
 
答案出处为Student: “So our guide was talking about how the human needs for resources had shaped the environment. And I just assumed that the human impact on the environment was always destructive.” 学生以为人类给环境的影响总是破坏性的。
Answer C
 
答案出处Professor: “ It is so funny you mentioned that. I was just reading an article about an archaeological site in Turkey where scientists found evidence that ancient people had been harvesting the branches from pistachio and almond trees. Of course, when you prune these trees, cutting of just the branches like that, you are actually encouraging more growth! And you end up with a bigger crop of nuts. So this was a pretty smart strategy for collecting wood.” 当时的人从开心果与杏仁树上砍去枝条。 
Answer D
 
答案出处Student: “ Is that a problem?” Professor: “Well, it's certainly a timely topic. Researchers are investigating this now. Uh…it’s just that…well…I am not sure how it fits with the assignment. Remember you are supposed to be focusing on a particular culture or region.” 教授认为未必适合人类学论文的要求。
Answer C

    以上就是环球托福老师为考生带来的托福TPO32听力Coversation解析,更多托福TPO32口语解析敬请关注环球托福官网TPO频道。