托福培训学校-环球托福[环球教育旗下品牌]

TPO文章如何精读?

2014-08-27 09:24| 来源:环球托福

摘要: 我们经常说阅读要利用好TPO文章,那么做完题目之后,托福阅读文章,哪些方面是我们值得分析的呢?下面,环球托福关辛老师将为考生们带来TPO精读的技巧,希望能给考生们带来帮助
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  我们经常说阅读要利用好TPO文章,那么做完题目之后,托福阅读文章,哪些方面是我们值得分析的呢?下面,环球托福关辛老师将为考生们带来TPO精读的技巧,希望能给考生们带来帮助。
        本文中,我们以一篇阅读文章为例,提取它的难词难句,分析它的文章结构,说明我们应该从阅读文章中获得些什么资源。提炼一个文章的哪些“语言要素”除了有助于我们在阅读中游刃有余,也有助于托福写作能力的提高。
  It should be obvious that cetaceans-whales, porpoises, and dolphins-are mammals. They breathe through lungs, not through gills, and give birth to live young. Their streamlined bodies, the absence of hind legs, and the presence of a fluke and blowhole cannot disguise their affinities with land-dwelling mammals. However, unlike the cases of sea otters and pinnipeds (seals, sea lions, and walruses, whose limbs are functional both on land and at sea), it is not easy to envision what the first whales looked like. Extinct but already fully marine cetaceans are known from the fossil record. How was the gap between a walking mammal and a swimming whale bridged? Missing until recently were fossils clearly intermediate, or transitional, between land mammals and cetaceans.
  Very exciting discoveries have finally allowed scientists to reconstruct the most likely origins of cetaceans. In 1979, a team looking for fossils in northern Pakistan found what proved to be the oldest fossil whale. The fossil was officially named Pakicetus in honor of the country where the discovery was made. Pakicetus was found embedded in rocks formed from river deposits that were 52 million years old. The river that formed these deposits was actually not far from an ancient ocean known as the Tethys Sea.
  一、词汇:
  Mammal n. 哺乳动物
  Disguise vt 伪装;disguise sb as…
  Affinity n. 相似;类同
  Limb n. 肢体
  Intermediate adj. 中间的;中级的
  originate vi. 起源;~ from; 创作(character),引发(idea),发明(invention),编造(rumor)
  embed把..嵌入;使被铭记
  deposit vt.放下;存放;使…沉积;n. 存款;定金;沉积层
  二、长难句分析:
  Their streamlined bodies, the absence of hind legs, and the presence of a fluke and blowhole cannot disguise their affinities with land-dwelling mammals.
  难点:主语较长,Their streamlined bodies, the absence of hind legs, and the presence of a fluke and blowhole为并列主语;另外要把握句子的否定结构:鲸类动物呈流线型的 身体,后腿的消失,尾片和气孔的出现,这些特征都不能掩??它们和陆生哺乳动物的相似之处。
  三、结构
  第一段最后一句引出TS,文章结构属于提出问题,解决问题型;
  第二段分析:Pakicetus是什么?在哪里找到的?Pakicetus能说明什么理论?oldest fossil whale, found in 1979; in rocks formed from river deposits that were 52 million years old.
       以上就是环球托福关辛辛老师为考生们总结的关于TPO精读技巧的相关问题,考生们能够很好的去理解,并且在平常的托福阅读备考中应用进去,相信对于考生托福阅读成绩的提高时有所帮助的。