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托福TPO26阅读详解(四)

2014-10-21 14:31| 来源:环球托福

摘要: 上海环球托福为大家带来阅读解析一篇,希望对大家有帮助,请大家仔细参悟其中技巧: 来源:TPO27 之 passage1 Characteristics of Roman Pottery Paragraph 1: The pottery of ancient Romans is remarkable in se
上海环球托福培训班
下面是环球教育老师为考生整理的托福TPO26阅读详解(四),更多TPO信息尽在托福TPO频道。

1、【考点分析】
本题为推断题,考察的是对于段落特殊细节限定词的定位,以及相关信息的查找及比对。注意正确答案的信息一定还是可以和原文匹配的,只是没有直接给出。而错误答案有两种,一种是违背文章所给事实,一种是完全没有提及。
 
 【选项分析】
A. Roman amphorae were of much higher quality overall than other Roman pottery.
罗马amphorae的质量较其他罗马瓷器要高。(文中并未提及,不选。以amphorae为关键词定位至该段第二句话,发现该句仅在句末对amphorae进行解释,说明了其用途,但并未与其他瓷器进行比较,不选。注:amphorae为两耳细颈椭圆土罐或瓶,古希腊和罗马人用以盛酒、油等)
B. Roman pottery can best be appreciated when actual pieces are handled.
欣赏罗马瓷器的最好方法是拿实物在手中来欣赏。(正确:选actual和handled两个词作关键词来进行定位,仍然是定位到文章第二句话,然而进行信息比对时,发现最高级best没有对应词,原文仅用了is easy to appreciate。继续往下看,发现来了一个转折,并且用了一个impossible来表达即使辅以照片和插图,也无法公正的书面欣赏罗马瓷器。这句否定显然是一个强调,反推,就是最好要实物欣赏,前一句遗漏的best之意就补全了。)
C. Roman pottery declined slightly in quality when the use of fast wheels and kilns was introduced.
当利用fast wheels和kiln这两种工具制作时,罗马瓷器的质量就会稍微下降。(错误。利用wheels and kilns定位,找到倒数第三句话,说的是罗马瓷器普遍的制作材料和方法,标准的罗马瓷器就是用这两种工具制作出来的。而如果用质量下降做关键词,可以对应到倒数第二句话里面的blemishes/flaws,发现出问题的是手工制作的。本选项故意混淆了条件和结果。)
D. Roman practical tableware spread more rapidly across the Mediterranean than amphorae did.
餐具比amphorae在地中海地区传播的要快。(文章并未提及,不选。以Mediterranean作关键词,定位到第二句。该句已经反复看过,并未在不同瓷器中作出任何比较。)
 
2. 【考点分析】
本题为否定事实信息题,考察罗马陶瓷的特点。需要以关键词定位对细节进行逐一比对。
【选项分析】
A. It was usually made with high-quality clay.
罗马陶瓷都是用高质量黏土制作。(原文倒数第三局carefully selected and purified clay与high-quality clay对应,确实属于特点之一,不选。)
B. It generally did not weigh much.
罗马陶瓷不重。(与原文第四句句首的Most roman pottery is light对应,不选)
C. It did not break as easily as other ancient pottery.
罗马陶瓷并不像其他古代陶瓷那样易碎。(原文第四句里面说although, like all pottery, it shatters if dropped on a hard surface,表面易碎性方面是一样的,错误,选。)
D. It sometimes had imperfections.
又是罗马陶瓷也有瑕疵。(sometimes, imperfections分别对应原文倒数第二句的occasional和 minor blemishes (flaws)),正确,不选。)
 
Paragraph 2: This is not just an aesthetic consideration but also a practical one. These vessels are solid (brittle, but not fragile), they are pleasant and easy to handle (being light and smooth), and, with their hard and sometimes glossy (smooth and shiny) surfaces, they hold liquids well and are easy to wash. Furthermore, their regular and standardized shapes would have made them simple to stack and store. When people today are shown a very ordinary Roman pot and, in particular, are allowed to handle it, they often comment on how modern it looks and feels, and they need to be convinced of its true age.
 
3, 【考点分析】
本题为否定事实信息题,考察罗马陶瓷的特点。该段较短而且简单,这时可以先看完本段再做题。
【选项分析】
A. They are good containers for liquids.
他们是很好的液体容器。(对应文中第二句的they hold liquids well,正确,不选。)
B. Their shapes allowed for easy stacking and storing.
他们的形状方便堆叠和收藏。(对应文中第三句,正确,不选。)
C. They sometimes had shiny surfaces.
他们有些也有光亮的表面。(对应第二句中的sometimes glossy (smooth and shiny) surfaces, 正确,不选。)
D. Their true age is immediately apparent.
他们的实际年龄很明显。(错误,选,最后一句说人们通常会评论说他们看起来是如何的现代,以至于对他们的年龄需要确认一番。)
 
4、【考点分析】
本题为修辞目的题。注意此类题目并不是考例子本身,而是要寻找其修饰,证明的概括性内容,然后与选项进行比对。看到例子所在的前一句话,说的是罗马瓷器的丰富性,尤其在地中海地区非常之多,然后再举了考古学家的例子,说他们的发掘工作一开始,其中大量精力就是对陶瓷碎片进行清洗和分类,显然是来证明罗马陶器的确非常之多的。如果仍有疑惑的话,看段首第一句,也即本段主旨句,发现本段就是来讲罗马陶器数量之多的,显然该例也与本段内容相符合,正确答案为A。
【选项分析】
A. support the idea that pottery was produced in large quantities by the Romans
证明罗马人大量生产陶瓷的观点。
B. illustrate how hard it is for archaeologists to find complete pieces of Roman pottery
说明考古学家发掘完整罗马陶瓷非常困难。
C. contrast archaeological sites in Roman urban areas with other sites in the Mediterranean
将罗马城区和地中海地区的考古遗迹进行对比。
D. explain why the quantities of pottery found vary significantly from one site to another
解释为什么不同遗迹发掘出的陶瓷数量差别很大。
 
 托福TPO26阅读详解:

5、【考点分析】
本题为词汇题。可以通过上下文同义来判断该词意思。读该句话,substantial修饰的是一座山,那么知道该座山的特点就可以反推substantial的意思。看下两句句,说该山是由罗马陶瓷amphorae堆积起来的,包括大约53 mllion件陶瓷,可运送5000 million加仑的油。两个数据都极力突出了陶瓷的数量巨大,那么根据上下文同义原则,应该选C。
【选项分析】
A. protected (受保护的)
B. man-made (人造的)
C. large (大的)
D. famous (著名的)
 
6.【考点分析】
本题为修辞目的题。重点不在例子本身,而在于它要修饰、证明的内容。为了去证明前面一句话“there is one exceptional dump…for which an estimate of quantity has been produced”中说有一个例外可以估算出生产的数量,特意拿出这座山举例,估算了两个数据,大约53million 件陶瓷和大约6,000million litters 的油。因此答案为C。
【选项分析】
A. conclude how amphorae manufacturing increased rapidly after the second century A.D.
总结amphorae的生产如何在公元二世纪后快速增长的。
B. find the locations where most of the amphorae in the Roman Empire were produced
找出罗马帝国生产amphorae最多的地方。
C. obtain relatively accurate calculations of the quantities of amphorae use over time in that place
获得那个地区相对准确的amphorae的使用数量。
D. discover that the Roman state had supported amphorae production
表明罗马国支持过amphorae 的生产。
 
7. 【考点分析】
本题为词汇题。本题简单,entirely意为完全地,彻底地,对应B答案。
【选项分析】
A. apparently (明显地)
B. completely (完全地)
C. basically (基本地)
D. mostly (大多数)

8.【考点分析】
本题为推断题。把各选项中的关键词找出来去原文中定位找答案依据。A选项B选项说
【选项分析】
A. It was built around the third century A.D.
该港口建于公元三世纪左右。(用时间定位到本段第四句,时间错误,不选。)
B. It was close to areas where large quantities of oil were produced.
这个港口接近大量油的生产地,显然错误,因为文中第三句说in which around 5,000 million liters of oil were imported into the city from overseas, 油都是从海外进口的,所以地址并不接近。
C. It was in use only for a very short period of time.
该港口仅仅使用了很短一段时间。(原文中第四句说mainly of the second and third centuries A.D,用了至少两个世纪的港口,使用时间肯定不算短,该选项错误。)
D. It had an impressive level of commercial activity.
该港口商业活动很繁荣。(正确,对应文中倒数第二句说“the productivity and complexity that lay behind them nonetheless cannot fall to impress”句意反过来。)
 
9.【考点分析】
本题为事实信息题。以discarded做关键词定位到最后一句,把古代社会和现代社会相比较,说两者是相似的,生产的量都巨大,运输装备也很好,有些时候甚至半路上就扔了不要了。选C,表明贸易额巨大,因此有浪费的余地。其他选项均为提及。
【选项分析】
A. Traders at the port were often careless.
港口商人总是很粗心。
B. The quality of the amphorae used at the port was not very good.
港口所用的amphorae质量不好。
C. The scale of the trade made it possible to waste quality amphorae sometimes.
贸易的规模使得有些时候可以浪费一些运输油罐(即amphorae)。
D. The importance of oil from overseas gradually declined, reducing the need for pottery containers.
海外进口的油重要性逐渐下降,导致对陶瓷油罐的需求也下降了。
 
Paragraph 5: Roman pottery was transported not only in large quantities but also over substantial distances. Many Roman pots, in particular amphorae and the fine wares designed for use at tables, could travel hundreds of miles—all over the Mediterranean and also further afield. But maps that show the various spots where Roman pottery of a particular type has been found tell only part of the story. What is more significant than any geographical spread is the access that different levels of society had to good-quality products. In all but the remotest regions of the empire, Roman pottery of a high standard is common at the sites of humble villages and isolated farmsteads.
 
10. 【考点分析】
本题为事实信息题。审题,该句关键在于tell only part of the story。既然故事不完整,那么补充完整。其实这句话相当于一个设问的写法,完整的故事肯定在后面。所以看接下来的一句,果然,写了两个点,一个是geographical spread,还有一个是access。对应选项B正确。
【选项分析】
A. maps indicate where specific pottery styles have been found, but they do not indicate where these styles originated
地图表明了特定陶器风格的发现地,但不能表明这些风格的起源地。
B. maps show the geographical spread of Roman pottery but not the people who had access to it
地图显示了罗马陶瓷的地理分布,但不能显示使用的人是谁。
C. maps do not usually include pottery styles found in the remotest regions the Roman Empire
地图通常并不包括罗马帝国最遥远地区发现的陶瓷风格。
D. archaeologists studying Roman pottery need to use a range of techniques in their investigations
研究罗马陶瓷的考古学家需要使用大量技巧来进行调查。
 
11. 【考点分析】
本题为词汇题。humble本义为谦虚的,对应D答案“适度的,谦虚的”。如果用上下文同义的方式判断,可能会误选B,认为distant和isolated最接近。但注意本句开头的范围限定”in all but the remotest regions”,把遥远的地区已经排除在外了,所以不能选。
【选项分析】
A. rural (农村的)
B. distant (遥远的)
C. ancient (古代的)
D. modest (适度的,谦虚的)
 
12.【考点分析】
本题为词汇题。particular意为特别的,独有的,对应A选项正确。
【选项分析】
A. specific (特殊的,确定的)
B. common (共同的)
C. ancient (古代的)
D. superior (上级的,优秀的)
 
13. 【考点分析】
本题为句子插入题。本句的逻辑关联词很明确because, 这是一个原因,说明一定是对某种现象或问题的解释说明,应放在其后。代入原文,是对段首句的解释说明,故选B。
 
14. 【考点分析】
本题为文章内容小结题。考察的是对于文章结构的把握。需要依靠每一个段落的大意来进行帮助选择。 正确答案为ABC
本文各个段落的大意为:
一、罗马瓷器的优点:质量好,重量轻,光滑
二、罗马瓷器的实用性:牢固,使用方便,易于堆叠存储等
三、罗马瓷器使用量非常巨大
四、一个考古遗址的发现,可以证明罗马瓷器的生产量非常巨大
五、罗马瓷器的使用地区非常广泛
【选项分析】
A说罗马瓷器质量很高,对于第一段大意,正确,选
B 说罗马瓷器的生产量即使无法估测,但可以肯定是非常巨大的,对应三、四两段,选
C说罗马瓷器的使用地区非常广泛,对应第五段,正确,选
D说人们对罗马瓷器的所有种类并不熟悉,因为发现了的瓷器碎片代表风格很有限。文章没有提到,不选
E说寻找罗马陶瓷的考古学家们都将重点放在市区的遗址上,因为这里是最古老的陶瓷的发现地,文章没有提到,不选
F说考古学家还不清楚罗马国在罗马瓷器的商业成功中扮演了什么角色,该句文中也没有提到。文章仅在第四段提到罗马帝国全力支持油的大规模进口。不选。

  以上就是环球教育老师整理的托福TPO26阅读详解(四),希望对考生能够有所帮助。