托福培训学校-环球教育[环球教育旗下品]

托福听力怎样提高单句的理解能力

2015-04-07 17:24| 来源:未知

摘要: 下面是环球托福小编带来的托福听力怎样提高单句的理解能力。
上海环球教育培训班
  很多新托福听力文章都是关于“听什么”,即材料方面展开的。在托福听力听写的开始,同学们只要拣有兴趣的材料写,能听出多少写多少就是了;但这个阶段结束过后的下一个阶段就要过度到理解层面了,因为大家做多了听写(dictation)之后会感觉到听写是一个很机械行为,也就是为什么很多人作了一段时间听写之后觉得没有更深层次提高的原因,下面是环球托福小编带来的托福听力怎样提高单句的理解能力

  其实听写本身是需要的,一定要注重多操练听写。但是不是靠听简单的句子,而是要通过长难句的听力练习,才能有所突破。那么这就需要提高单句的理解能力了。

  那么如何才能提高托福听力单句的理解能力呢?环球托福小编给出了三个建议:
托福听力

  首先一句话的main idea要清楚:比如Everyone will agree, he argues, that happiness is the ultimate end to be valued for itself and really only for itself. For what other purpose is there in being happy? What does it yield ? The attainment of happiness becomes the ultimate or highest good for Aristotle.这句话开头的插入语较长,对于听写来说完整地记下来是十分浪费时间,也比较难掌握句子的核心内容的:everyone will agree/ that happiness is the ultimate end to be valued for itself,如果靠一般的听写,就会在逻辑上有所误导,如此一来,考生就会把原本意思差不多的两句话的意思分开理解,考生的脑子里就会形成“每个人都知道,他(Aristotle)提出,幸福是人类追求的终要义……。但是如果掌握了句子的中心意思,那么不难得出,两句话要表达的意思其实是差不多的都是:幸福是人类追求的终成就(要义、结果……)

  第二,可以通过感情色彩来判断一句话,比如,But why? why do workers and soliders have to learn self-control? Well,how can a society flourish if the workers and soliders don't control their desires and emotions?此处一个反问句,其实表达的意思即一种:Anyway,无论如何,W和S should and must learn to control themselves。这样也减轻了大家在听力的时候记忆可能过载的现象。

  后,大家还要根据几句话的内容来推测即将展开的内容:比如,

  1. So, for Watson, thinking is identical with the activity of muscles. A related concept of thinking was developed by William James. It's called ideomoter action;接下来展开的是ideomoter action;

  2. But why? why do workers and soliders have to learn self-control? Well,how can a society flourish if the workers and soliders don't control their desires and emotions? Plato thinks if the they aren't under control, workers will sleep too much and play too much, so they're not going to get their jobs done. And soliders need to channel their high spiritedness in a certain direction, precisely by being courageous.But you are not going to get that automatically.推断接下来要讲如何使W和S能够学会self-control的,所以接下来文章提出的education问题才不会显得十分突兀。

  所以在进行新托福听力听写的过程中,一定要注意句子本身和句子之间的衔接问题,多思考句子的大意、感情色彩和句子间的逻辑关系的推测,这样才能真正的做到听中思考,做到心中有数。以上是环球托福小编带来的托福听力怎样提高单句的理解能力。如需了解更多托福培训的相关信息,欢迎拨打环球托福的免费咨询热线400-060-0601进行咨询,或者点击环球托福网站页面的“在线咨询”与环球托福名师直接对话,托福培训机构,请关注环球托福