托福培训学校-环球托福[环球教育旗下品牌]

托福听力lecture笔记怎么记

2014-09-25 11:30| 来源:环球托福

摘要: 本文环球托福黄清老师给大家总结了lecture要记得12个重点内容,以及这些重点相对应的提示词
上海环球托福培训班
      托福听力的lecture时长一般是4到6分钟,所以并不是老师说的内容全部都要记,那到底要记哪些呢,本文环球托福黄清老师给大家总结了托福听力lecture笔记怎么记要记得12个重点内容,以及这些重点相对应的提示词,供同学们学习参考。
托福听力笔记
1. 目的或主旨
托福听力lecture主旨出场几种方式:
a. 直线型
提示词:Today, continue our discussion…, I wanna talk about…, I’ll be talking about…
b. 曲线形
1)  Last week, last time, we’ve been discussing…
2)  Today, this time, now, but, yet
3)  先说点别的内容,再慢慢引导主题上来
4)  大范围的另一个分支内容
c. 贯穿式
主旨贯穿全文,重复出现的内容是主题。

2. 因果
原因类:  because, because of, due to,  since,  as, for, The reason is, That’s why, in that, by reason of, owing to
结果类:  so, so that, therefore, thereby, hereby thus, as a result, consequently, hence, accordingly

3. 例子
提示词: for example, for instance, like, say,  such as, take the case of …, take… as an example

4. 列举
1. 名词或量词: factors, reasons, conditions, ingredients, kinds, categories, elements, a number of
2. 并列词: not only, but also, also, and, the first one, then, finally, another, other, plus, part, for one thing, for another, or, else

5. 强调
提示词: especially, indeed, certainly, just remember, and again, special, important, significant, key, most importantly, one thing I should mention, make / be sure to, keep in mind, unusual, special, surprising, interesting, essential

6. 转折
含有转折含义的词或结构。
提示词: but, however, nevertheless,  while,  yet, unless, except for, actually, practically, even though, although, though, in fact, as a matter of fact, on the contrary

7. 理论和观点
含有转折含义的词或结构。
but, however, nevertheless,  while,  yet, unless, except for, actually, practically, even though, although, though, in fact, as a matter of fact, on the contrary

8. 新信息
We call this…
It is called…
It is known as…

9. 对比
带有对比性质的词或结构
像:compare to, like, similar to, in contrast to, alike, resemble, likewise , in the same way, analogy, analogous
不像:unlike, differently, distinction, distinguish

10. 问答
回答往往是问题的答案

11. 过程与原理
1)  think about it
2)  how, firstly, then, secondly, thirdly
3)  development, process, procedure, experiment, evolution, formation

12. 关于利弊与问题解决方法
提示词: disadvantage, problem, drawback, weakness, challenge
advantage, breakthrough

    以上就是上海环球托福老师总结的关于托福听力lecture笔记怎么记得全部内容,希望可以对同学们的备考带来帮助。