托福培训学校-环球托福[环球教育旗下品牌]

托福听力主旨题解题技巧

2014-06-30 11:12| 来源:环球托福

摘要: 下面就由环球托福为大家介绍主旨类题目的几个解题技巧。
上海环球托福培训班
  托福听力主旨题是听力考试的基本题型,一个段子的主旨往往出现在文章引言和开头处,而重复的最多往往一定是主旨!
  主旨题主要是考察考生对于基本信息的理解能力(basic comprehension),除此之外ETS所要考察考生的另外两种能力分别是对于语用信息的理解(pragmatic understanding)和整合信息、对全文结构把握的能力(connecting information)。而基本信息的理解就占到50%的比重,可见主旨题的重要性。下面就由环球托福为大家介绍主旨类题目的几个解题技巧。
  主旨题分为目的主旨和内容主旨。
  目的主旨: 考查对话目的而非内容,即两个说话者的对话目的和教授讲这篇文章的目的。目的主旨一般出现于conversation中。
  目的主旨典型问法:Why does the student visit the professor?
  Why does the student visit the registrar’s office?
  Why did the professor ask to see the student?
  Why does the professor explain X?
  内容主旨: 要求考生理解讲座或对话的主旨大意。材料有时会明确提出主旨,有时会很含蓄。 要求学生对听到的信息进行归纳总结。
  内容主旨典型问法:What problem does the man have?
  What are the speakers talking about?
  What is the main idea o f the lecture?
  What aspect of X does the professor mainly discuss?
  注意听力内容反复强调的。
  托福听力最重要的考试原则就是主要内容原则。所以在听力内容中主旨就会被强调,所以考生一定要熟悉各种各样的强调方式。熟悉了这些强调方式,主要内容主旨也就能抓住了。一起来看下面的例子:
  Thank you all for coming today to hear about the new recycling program on campus. ... Instead of seeing the usual brown trash cans all over the campus, from now on you'll see four different colors of trash cans. Pinktrash cans are for paper, green cans are for glass, maroon ones are for metal and white ones are for other wastes. Just remember, pink: paper; green: glass;maroon: metal; white: waste. After the trash is sorted, they need to be collected and them distributed to the correct recycling facilities. That's where all of you come in... And again, your job is to collect the sorted trash and take it to different centers for each type of trash...
  3. What will be the color of the trashcan for paper?
  4. What will be the primary responsibilities of volunteers?
  请看第3、4题,这两题的答案在段子中都得到了反复强调。文中首先提到Pink trash cans are for paper, 后面再次提到时又进行了如此强调:Just remember,pink: paper.
  每一种题型都有其解决的的技巧和方法,希望大家能熟悉并掌握这些方法,这样才能为大家的提高有所帮助。