托福培训学校-环球托福[环球教育旗下品牌]

托福听力主旨题实例解析

2014-05-27 15:07| 来源:未知

摘要: 本文为考生们带来托福听力主旨题实例解析,希望考生们能学到文中的解题方法。
上海环球托福培训班
  在托福听力六大题型中,主旨题的出场率超过百分之八十,所以把握好托福听力主旨题是做好托福听力的第一步,那么做托福听力主旨题又有什么技巧可循呢,下面上海环球托福老师为您带来实例解析,供考生们参考。
IBT听力主旨题的问题常常以特殊疑问词开头, 例如:
  What does announcement mainly about?
  A: A parking garage closure in holidays.
  B: Problems in the school’s garage.
  C: Student activities on holidays.
  D: Holiday emergency measures.
  What is the subject of the conversation?
  What aspect of ___does the professor mainly discuss?
  What problem does the man have?
  What are the man and the woman discussing?
  What is the topic of the discussion?
  What is the woman’s problem?
  What is the lecture mainly about?
  新托福听力主旨题解题技巧:
  在做IBT主旨题的时候一定要尽量把握文章的整体思路, 可以从以下几个方面来进行:
  1、记住谈话人语气加重所强调的人,事物或概念。
  2、努力把握谈话或演讲中的关键词或短语。尤其要关注谈话人不止一次提到的词或短语。
  3、从宏观上把握谈话或演讲的内容,提炼出讲话的主题。例如:
  (一)
  Narrator: Listen to a campus announcement and answer the question.
  M: The East Campus Garage will be closed during the Holiday break from Thursday, December 22, 2005, 10:30 p.m. through Monday, January 2, 2005, 11:30 p.m. Please be certain to make the necessary arrangements to have your vehicle out of the garage before it closes. If you have left your vehicle in the garage after closing, please contact University Police at 8---2323, so you may exit the garage. There will be no admittance into the garage after closing. The parking office will be closed through January 2nd. Urgent messages left in voice mail or sent to the parking email account will be periodically monitored and responded to on December 27---29. All non---urgent matters will be addressed when the office re-opens on January 3, 2006. The parking gates on campus are lifted during this period and parking is available in all surface parking gates on camps are lifted during this period and parking is available in all surface parking lots except Wean and Warner Hall. Thank you for your cooperation and have a safe and happy holiday!
  What does announcement mainly about?
  A: A parking garage closure in holidays.
  B: Problems in the school’s garage.
  C: Student activities on holidays.
  D: Holiday emergency measures.
  解析:
  1. 先总体把握材料提供的内容, 讲的是这样的一件事: The East Campus Garage will be closed during the Holiday break from Thursday, December 22, 2005, 10:30 p.m. through Monday, January 2, 2005, 11:30 p.m.
  2. 通过对材料的分析, 可以了解到A为正确的答案.
  3. B: Problems in the school’s garage. 答案过于精确.
  4. C: Student activities on holidays. 过于笼统, 不正确.
  5. D: Holiday emergency measures. 过于笼统, 不正确.
  所以正确答案为A.
  Professor: Through much of the last century, America’s faith in freedom and democracy was a rock in a raging sea. Now it is a seed upon the wind, taking root in many nations.
  Narrator: Listen again to part of the lecture. Then answer the question.
  Professor: …Now it is a seed upon the wind, taking root in many nations.
  What is the professor mainly about?
  A: To encourage the students to think about the issue under a bigger context.
  B: To elicit an answer from the students.
  C: To compare two different things figuratively to engage his students.
  D: To describe an imaginative situation.
  分析:
  1、从教授的谈话中, 可以看出教授使用的是暗喻的方法.
  2、段落大致的意思是: 在上个世纪的大部分时间里, 美国式民主和自由的信仰如石沉大海, 波澜不惊; 而今, 却如清风拂絮, 撒落人间. 可见. 暗喻的方式是为了形成对比, 从而激起听者的想象力, 活跃课堂谈话的气氛.
  3、综合上下文, 答案C 为正确答案.
    以上就是托福听力主旨题的实例解析,希望考生们能掌握此类题型正确的解题思路,总之, 在做IBT听力主旨题的时候, 要把握住重点. 排除过于笼统的答案, 所表示的内容与谈话或演讲的核心主题脱节; 和过于精确的答案, 即据之一而非讲述主体。还要切记排除一些似是而非的答案和在上下文中并未被谈话人提及的答案. 把握住这些要领, 相信攻克新托福听力主旨题不再是一件难事.