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新托福听力备考之主旨题

2014-05-26 09:40| 来源:环球托福

摘要: 新托福考试中听力占了绝大部分的比重,除了阅读部分不考听力之外,其他各个部分都会有所涉及。下面环球托福的孙慧芳老师就带领大家走进新托福,浅析如何新托福听力备考之主旨
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新托福考试中听力占了绝大部分的比重,除了阅读部分不考听力之外,其他各个部分都会有所涉及。下面环球托福的孙慧芳老师就带领大家走进新托福,浅析如何新托福听力备考之主旨题。
 
要了解新托福听力备考,就要先了解考试。新托福听力分为六段(无加试)或九段(含加试),平均每篇600字,2-3个对话,4-6个讲座,材料语速是140-220单词/分钟。每个对话是2-3分钟,280字-660字。每个讲座是4-6分钟,560字-1320字。答题时间比较短,有34或51道题,答题时间为20或30分钟。新托福听力部分的总时间为50分钟到80分钟。
 
其次要知道新托福听力的考试内容是什么。新托福长对话部分集中考察校园生活,即同学与同学之间,同学与老师之间以及同学与员工关于生活和学习的种种对话。讲座题的内容集中在天文、地理、考古、美国历史、动物学、生物学和植物学等方面。
 
最后来带领大家探讨一下在新托福听力备考中应了解到的出题点和应对策略:
 
出题点
1. Basic interpretation:理解主旨和把握细节。
其中主旨理解的攻克分为两种情况,在听力题目中分别体现为:
  1. Why does the student go to the professor?
  2. What is the conversation/lecture mainly about
针对第一种情况Why does the student go to the professor? 此部分的内容常见于发生在学生和员工之间的对话里,并且在对话开头部分就有体现,因此考生在进入听力考试的开头就进入状态很重要。下面以TPO6的第一篇conversation为例来给大家展示。
Narrator
Listen to a conversation between a student and an employee in theuniversity’s career services office.
 
Student
Hi, do you have a minute?
 
Employee
Sure, how can I help you?
 
Student
I have a couple of questions about the career fair next week.
 
Employee
OK, shoot.
 
Student
Um ...well, are seniors the only ones who can go? I mean, you know, they are finishing school this year and getting their degrees and everything. And, well, it seems like businesses would wanna talk to them and not first year students like me.
 
Employee
No, no, the career fair is opened to all our students and we encourage anyonewho’s interested to go check it out.
 
Student
Well, that’s good to know.
1. Why does the student go to the career services office?
A: To confirm the date and time of the career fair
B: To learn the location of the career fair
C: To find out he is allowed to attend the career fair
D: To get advice about interviewing at the career fair
这道题目的答案为C. 在对话的开头部分学生讲到I have a couple of questions about the career fair next week…Um ...well, are seniors the only ones who can go?由此可见在对话中开头部分的信息摄取是至关重要的。
 
针对第二种情况What is the conversation/lecture mainly about?Or What is the professor mainly discussing? 此处,我们以讲座为例来讨论。此部分内容注重开始的introductory statement(引言、介绍),以及下文每个层次的把握。这一点如同阅读文章是在开头段会有提纲挈领的阐述,下文分几个点进行论述。当然,这是比较工整的结构形式。TPO5的第一篇lecture为例来给大家展示。
Have you ever heard the one about alligators living in New York sewers? Thestory goes like this: a family went on vacation in Florida and bought a coupleof baby alligators as presents for their children, then returned from vacation toNew York, bringing the alligators home with them as pets. But the alligatorswould escape and find their way into the New York sewer system where theystarted reproducing, grew to huge sizes and now strike fear into sewerworkers. Have you heard this story? Well, it isn’t true and it never happened.But despite that, the story has been around since the 1930s. Or how aboutthe song ‘twinkle, twinkle little star’, you know, ‘twinkle, twinkle, little star, howI wonder what you are’. Well we’ve all heard this song. Where am I going withthis? Well, both the song and the story are examples of memes. And that’swhat we would talk about, the theory of memes.A meme is defined as a piece of information copied from person to person. Bythis definition, most of what you know, ideas, skills, stories, songs are memes.
6. What is the main purpose of the lecture?
A: To introduce a method that can help students remember new information
B: To introduce a way to study how information passes from one person to another
C: To explain the differences between biological information and cultural information
D: To explain the differences between stories, songs, and other pieces of information
这道题目的答案为B. 在讲座的开头部分,叫兽先讲了有关Aligato以及一个music两个例子,然后引出她讲座的主要目的:Where am I going withthis? Well, both the song and the story are examples of memes. And that’swhat we would talk about, the theory of memes.接着对meme这一专业术语进行了解释及举例:A meme is defined as a piece of information copied from person to person. Bythis definition, most of what you know, ideas, skills, stories, songs are memes.
 
以上,就是环球托福的老师为大家经验总结的关于新托福听力备考的一些内容,希望对大家的备考有所帮助,祝所有考生都可以获得理想的成绩。