托福培训学校-环球托福[环球教育旗下品牌]

托福听力场景分类:图书馆

2014-05-20 16:23| 来源:未知

摘要: 本文为考生们带来托福听力场景分类:图书馆,考生们可以熟悉此高频托福听力场景,更多的备考托福听力。
上海环球托福春季班
    新托福考试的听力对话主要考察校园生活的各种场景,大致分来可以分两种,Office hour教授的面谈时间,和Service encounter服务场景。在和教授的谈话时间里包括要求延期交作业,考试没考好的问题,具体询问某个问题等等,而在第二种学校的各项学生服务里则包括图书馆场景、租房服务、心里咨询、找工作等。每个对话有5个问题,今天环球托福老师将给同学们带来的是托福听力场景分类:图书馆的有关知识和分析。
  图书馆场景
  想借的书总是借不到off the shelf/not available/out of stock
  借书期有限制limited loan,如果超限期overdue,就要交罚款pay the fine
  学生借书都是为了写作业paper or review,图书管理员一般先问does your professor put any books or materials on reserve?是否此门课的教授有预留书籍可供研究
  图书馆每一层都有photocopier,如果想复印可以去,而且价格很reasonable,一般也就几美分several cents
  借贵重及罕有书籍rare books手续麻烦,需要special permission,还要求带手套wear gloves,甚至有些时候要交定金deposit,还书的时候在退押金refund
  如果书未看完,可以续借extension application/renew
  图书馆的设备一般齐全,还可以带电脑laptop,并且有插座,学生可以plug it in for power
  借不到的书,还可以通过interlibrary loan service(馆际借书服务)借到,很方便convenient
  本场景其他相关词汇补充:
  Check out借书Return还书Journal期刊Reference book参考书Reference section参考书区域Reference desk询问台(librarian工作的地方)In good/perfect condition书未损坏(涉及到退款及罚款问题)Electronic format电子版图书Abstract书的摘要部分(看此部分节省时间)Current issue当前刊Back issue过刊Due到期的Due date到期日
  图书馆的政策
  被召回的书会有还书期限,不在还书期内还过去,会受到不允许借书等的惩罚。
  如TPO 9 Conversation 2
  S: No, I left it in my dorm room. These are books I need to check out today. Is it OK if I bring that one by in a couple of days?
  L: Actually, you need to return it today. That is if you want to check out those books today. That's our policy.
  S: Oh, I didn't know that.
  L: Yeah, not a lot of people realize that. In fact, every semester we get a few students who have their borrowing privileges suspended completely because they haven't returned books. They're allowed to use books only in the library. They're not allowed to check anything out because of unreturned books.
  分析:此处有考题出现:
  Q. What is the woman trying to explain when she mentions students who have lost their borrowing privileges?
  Why the man should not photocopy part of the book
  The reasons for one of the library’s policies
  What will happen if the man does not return the book
  The reason the man has to fill out a form
  根据此项政策,答案为第三项。
  本题考查的是“额外信息”,即图书管理员在和学生对话的同时突然提及其他的同学,属于extra information,是ETS喜爱考查的考点之一。同学在听到这里的时候要格外小心了,因为考题往往在考查为何老师会提到这些表面上看起来和主题无关的信息,本题中管理员提到其他学生失去借书权利的时候,事实上就是在告知学生友情提示这位借阅的同学如果他今天不把书还回来的话,那么他就可能也会丢失自己的借阅权利,那时候他的麻烦就大了。同时,考题也会考到说话者的态度和观点,考生在备考时需要注意,多多积累并加以练习,相信同学们的成绩会提到相应的提升。
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