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如何提高SAT写作分数(二)

2014-09-04 10:47| 来源:环球SAT

摘要: STA写作满分评分标准的第二评分标准是结构评分,在前面的文章中,环球托福老师已经讲述了SAT写作满分评分标准的第一个标准,今天环球托福老师将为考生总结如何提高SAT写作分数(
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    STA写作满分评分标准的第二评分标准是结构评分,在前面的文章中,环球托福老师已经讲述了SAT写作满分评分标准的第一个标准,今天环球托福老师将为考生总结如何提高SAT写作分数(二),希望对考生能够有所帮助。

    满分标准中的第二个要求:is well organized and clearly focused, demonstrating clear coherence and smooth progression of ideas.’
    一篇完整的SAT作文结构应该是这样的:
    P1 Introductory sentence. Thesis. Sentence previewing three examples.
    P2 Transition + topic sentence. Support sentence. Additional support (Example 1). Closing sentence summarizing the paragraph (with the take-away point).
    P3 Transition + topic sentence. Support sentence. Additional support(Example 2). Closing sentence summarizing the paragraph (with the take-away point).
    P4 Transition + topic sentence. Support sentence. Additional support (Example 3). Closing sentence summarizing the paragraph (with the take-away point).
    P5 Conclusion.
 
    现在许多学生的写作的一个很大的问题在于,开头段结尾段的结构能够得到保证,但是中间段落的Topic Sentence和 Concluding Sentence不喜欢写。单纯的在开头段后举例是不能有力的证明自己的观点的。每个中间段的完整结构必须有分支观点句,支撑句和结论句。分支观点句往往是例子要告诉人们的道理或者作者要通过例子表达的内容的总括。结论句往往是对例子的分析:“在这个例子中,通过什么从而使什么怎么样。”
    通过上文提到的题目为例,以下是依据该题的一个完整中间段落:
    If life is considered more important than honesty, lies can be justified.
    A very representative example of this point is the story of Nicolaus Copernicus, the vanguard of modern astronomy. His idea that the earth rotates around the sun and human beings are just part of the nature was so radical at his time that the Roman Catholic Church accused him of serious crime of heresy. Knowing that he would die if he continued to tell his theory publicly, he told lies that he recanted his theory. And so he protected his life. His idea though he renounced in front of the church, he secretly continued his research. In this case, Nicolaus did not tell the truth. However, he followed his heart and he contributed tremendously to the scientific community. Circumstances justified his lies because life is much more valuable than anything else on earth.
    黄色标注的部分为结构提示部分。第一个和最后一个句子是分支观点句和结论句。Example所在的句子是例子的引出,in this case 举例完后对例子的总结分析。这样一个中间段落才称得上是一个结构完整的中间段。这也是众多考试写作是应该注意的一个重要问题。
    以上就是环球托福老师给考生总结的关于如何提高SAT写作分数(二),考生能够很好的运用起来。