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SAT类比题题型分析与真题解析归纳

2014-04-29 14:11| 来源:环球SAT

摘要: 今天,环球SAT为大家搜集整理了关于SAT类比题题型分析与真题解析归纳的文章,我们从SAT类比题题型分析到SAT类比题真题解析归纳,一步一步详述SAT类比题的做法。
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今天,环球SAT为大家搜集整理了关于SAT类比题题型分析与真题解析归纳的文章,我们从SAT类比题题型分析到SAT类比题真题解析归纳,一步一步详述SAT类比题的做法。想要提高SAT阅读的同学,千万不要错过!环球SAT愿与你分享每一篇好文章!
 
SAT类比题题型题型分析:
 
SAT类比题题眼:根据原文猜测原文没有明确叙述的细节或者例子
SAT类比题具体分类:两篇文章的共同点,两篇文章的不同点(P1 对 P2 的某句话的回应;P2 对 P1 某句话的回应; 两篇文章的不同是什么)
SAT类比题做题方法:根据各文章主旨去答题
 
SAT类比题真题与做题思路:
 
Questions 9-12 are based on the following passages.
Passage 1
 
The  intelligence  of  dolphins  is  well  documented  by  science.  Studies  show  that  dolphins  are  able  to understand sign language, solve puzzles, and use objects in their environment as tools. Scientists also believe that dolphins possess a sophisticated language: numerous instances have been recorded in which dolphins transmitted information from one individual to another. A recent experiment proved that dolphins can even recognize themselves in a mirror-- something achieved by very few animals. This behavior demonstrates that dolphins are aware of their own individuality, indicating a level of intelligence that may be very near our own. Passage 2
Are dolphins unusually intelligent? Dolphins have large brains, but we know that brain size alone does not determine either the nature or extent of intelligence. Some researchers have suggested that dolphins have big brains because they need them--for sonar and sound processing and for social interactions. Others have argued that regardless of brain size, dolphins have an intelligence level somewhere between that of a dog and a chimpanzee. The fact is, we don't know, and comparisons may not be especially helpful. Just as human intelligence is appropriate for human needs, dolphin intelligence is right for the dolphin's way of life. Until we know more, all we can say is that dolphin intelligence is different.
 
9. In lines 2-8, the author of Passage 1 mentions activities that suggest dolphins
(A) are unusually sensitive to their environment
(B) do not generally thrive in captivity
(C) have a unique type of intelligence (D) are uncommonly playful animals
(E) have skills usually associated with humans
做题思路:
只针对 P1 的题目。答案在文章的最后一句话,demonstrate 与 indicate 的那一句 near our own 是 答案 usually with humans 的同意句.
 
10. The author of Passage 2 would most likely respond to the last sentence of Passage 1 by
(A) suggesting that intelligence in animals is virtually impossible to measure
(B) observing that intelligence does not mean the same thing for every species
(C) questioning the objectivity of the studies already conducted
(D) noting that dolphin activities do not require a high level of intelligence
(E) arguing that little is actually known about dolphin social behavior
做题思路:
两篇文章的关联题。只需看 P2 的观点。P2 的观点是海豚的智商只是不同 dolphin intelligence is different。即 B 选项的 not mean the same for every species。无需去考虑 P1 作者说的什么观点。
 
11. The two passages differ in their views of dolphin intelligence in that Passage 1 states that dolphins
(A) share a sophisticated culture, while Passage 2 intends that dolphin intelligence is roughly equal to human intelligence
(B) are as intelligent as humans, while Passage 2 notes that dolphins outperform other animals
(C) are more intelligent than most other animals, while Passage 2 points out that dolphins axe less intelligent than other mammals
(D) are highly intelligent, while Passage 2 suggests that there is not enough evidence to understand dolphin intelligence fully
(E) have large brains, while Passage 2 argues that brain size does not signify intelligence
做题思路:
两篇文章的关联题。本题问得是两篇文章的观点各是什么,找出都对的就可以了。即答案为 D。
 
12. Which generalization about dolphins is supported by both passages?
(A) They display self-awareness.
(B) They are more emotional than other animals.
(C) They learn at a rapid rate.
(D) They have a certain degree of intelligence,
(E) They have shown the ability to use tools.
做题思路:
两篇文章的关联题。本题问得是两篇文章的相同点是什么。本文的写作对象是 dolphin 的智商高 与低,因此把 dolphin 的智商选出就可以了。答案是 D,其中 They 指代提干中的 dolphins。
 
SAT类比题做题方法解析归纳:
 
题方法解析归纳1SAT类比题选项特征:正确选项是定位句的改写:
1、词性的变换(动词变名词、形容词变副词等)
2、关键词可能不变(重要的名词)
3、语序的变换(因果、转折倒置;主动、被动变换)
 
题方法解析归纳2SAT类比题错误选项的特点:
1、与原文主旨及分论点不一致
2、增加原文没有的新内容
3、定位点的主要内容有缺失或者错误。
4、程度和范围的改变
5、细节题中出现非本定位段落中的(即其他段落中的)细节。
6、定位段落的细枝末节(小列举结构)
7、极端词汇的出现
8、 原文中无明显比较,选项中出现比较词汇
 
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