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2015-07-24 14:28| 来源:环球SAT

摘要: 现在,就随环球托福推荐的“SAT阅读主旨题型练习解析”一起来加以操练,还有老师的解题思路以供参考。

S:During the nineteenth century privileged travelers from England and the United States often published accounts of their journeys to foreign lands. Some of these travelers were women who wrote travel books.
In 19th century, for most women of the leisure class, immobilized as they were by the iron hoops of convention, the term ―abroad‖ had a dreamlike, talismanic quality. … When women who had the time and means traveled to India, China, or Africa, their real destination, more often than not, was a restorative idea rather than a place on the map.
Though this restorative idea sometimes led them to endure long, uncomfortable journeys to remote places where few of their compatriots had penetrated before them, there was little intent to imitate the male fashion for exploration, which was such a feature of the time. …
What, specifically,  were these women seeking ―abroad‖? …
History put these women travelers in a unique position, and they responded in a unique way: they created a small but  impressive  library of  first-person  narratives  that combined  genuine  learning  with  the  spirit of individualism. … Thus, the once-lowly  travel book rather unexpectedly became an important instrument for the emancipation of women.
Q: The primary purpose of the passage is to_______ .
A.evaluate women’s travel books and journals from a literary perspective
B. contrast nineteenth-century women travelers with male explorers of the same period
C. describe changes in travel opportunities for wealthy women in the nineteenth century
D. examine the motives that some nineteenth century women had for traveling
E. analyze the historical significance of women traveler’s books and journals
Answer: D
    二段说了这个想法有助于让 妇女忍受长途跋涉而去远行,但是她们的动机和同时代的男人和过去的男人不一样。
    三段作者提出问题,也就是本文的 topic sentence,到底是什么东西才是她们远行的动机呢?这段内容很长,大概占了整个篇幅的 1/3 左右,因此,很可能是对这个问题做出了回答。
    后一段做了总结概括。因此,我 们不难看出 D 选项为正确答案。ABCE 选项在文中都在其他段落中的某个地方出现,属于细节内容。
S:First published in 1976, this passage discusses W.E.B.Du.Bois and Marcus Garvey, two leaders of the black
American community in the 1910’s and 1920’s.
The concept of two warring souls within the body of the Black American was as meaningful for Du Bois at the end of his years as editor of Crisis, the official Journal of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), as when he had first used the image at the start of the century.
Du Bois nevertheless saw danger in the negation of race pride, by those who did not recognize their own beauty as Black people, for example. … The focal point of the magazine’s efforts in this respect between those who  advocated came with  the rise of Marcus Garvey, the gifted Jamaican leader whose ―back-to-Africa‖ movement, as it was popularly called….
Garveyism,   which  flourished  during the height of Crisis’  influence  and success, brought a  formidable challenge to Du Bois.
There were superficial similarities between Garvey’s  and Du Bois’s commitment to race consciousness  and economic empowerment; both men saw the world as comprising separate cultures, each reflecting a distinct heritage and demanding freedom of expression…. In a cryptic piece in Crisis in 1922, Du Bois was surely referring to Garvey when he ominously predicted  the rise of demagogue who would ―come to lead, inflame, lie, and steal‖ and when he commented that such a person would ―gather followings  and then burst and disappear.
Q: The primary purpose of the passage is to
A. account for the rise of Black nationalism in the United Sates
B. explain the charismatic appeal of two Black American leaders
C. explain why Garvey refused to support Du Bois as a leader of Black America
D. Describe difference between the philosophies of Du Bois and Garvey
E. Describe Du Bois’s quarrel and eventual reconciliation with Garvey
Answer: D
    段和二段的前半部分说的是个人的事情,二段的后半部分和三段说的是另一个人的事情。并且在三段开头说了 G 这个人 challenge 了 D。
    后一段要注意,说了两个人在表面上还是有些相同的。这种写作手法会使全文逻辑比较完整。世界上没有对的事情,就算两个人的观点再不一致, 他们肯定也有共同的地方。进一步讲,批判性文章中也会时常出现先批判,在后一段中出现“褒扬”的东西。这个也很容易理解,在你批评一个人的时候,是不是在批评完之后经常会加一句话“当然,你的出发点是好的”、“但是你这个人其他方面还是很不错的”的等等。这个时候就需要我们很明显的 判断出作者对这件事情是什么态度。