托福培训学校-环球托福[环球教育旗下品牌]

SAT主考单词词汇表B-1

2014-04-28 14:58| 来源:环球SAT

摘要: 主考单词是指在SAT 填空,阅读题目,语法题目,作文中所要使用的单词。对于高中生来说,单词是第一关也是最重要的一关,即好的单词量是SAT 高分的必要非充分条件,所以对中国学生
上海环球托福春季班
主考单词B-1
baffled  a 困惑的(07.10)
baffling  a. 令人困惑的(making great mental demands; hard to comprehend or
solve or believe)
【助记】baffle(谐音:拜服)使困惑
【类反】baffle<> penetrate(容易理解),baffle::perplex/bewilder/stupefy/nonplus(使困惑)
【例句】Possessing distinctive qualities that produce unaccountable or baffling effects.
有魔力的拥有特殊的能产生令人无法预计或使人迷惑效果的能力的
ballad  n 歌谣(a narrative poem of popular origin)
【助记】ball+ad,象球一样一代一代传下来的
【联想】ballast 压舱物,平息感情之物
【例句】The singer led off with a popular ballad. 歌唱家首先唱了一首流行的民歌。
balmy ['bɑ:mi] a. 芳香的,温和的(mild and pleasant)
【例句】It often happens that a balmy morning passes into a chilly afternoon.
一个温和的上午常常转为一个寒冷的下午。
banal [bə'’nɑ:l] a. 陈腐的,平庸的(ordinary and not interesting, because of a lack of new or different ideas)
【类反】banal<> original/creative ( 创新的) /spontaneous ( 创新的)
/arresting/compelling/attractive,banal::stale/trite/platitude/hackneyed/clich(陈腐的,陈词滥调的)
【例句】(1)A trite or banal remark or statement, especially one expressed as if it were original or significant. 陈腔滥调陈腐的或平庸的评论或陈述,尤指某人表述它时好象它是新颖的或有意义的。
(2)It is ironic that the original insights of the great thinkers are voiced so often that they have become mree banalty.
【衍生】banalty 陈词滥调(clich)é
bankrupt ['bæŋkrʌpt] a. 破产的(financially ruined)
【助记】bank(存钱的地方)+rupt(断),存钱的地方没了,破产
【联想】bank:debunk(de 去掉+bunk,bank 河岸,去掉河岸)暴露,揭露真相
rupt:参○ abrupt;和财产有关的单词:reprieve 延期付款;amortize,installment 分期付款;budget 预算;due到期;perquisite 额外补贴;annuity 养老金;stock 股票;bond 债券;mortgage 抵押
【类反】bankruptcy<> solvency 破产<>有偿还能力
【例句】The threat of going bankrupt is very unpleasant but it certainly concentrates the mind. 即将破产的威胁虽令人极烦恼,但确也能逼迫人开动脑筋。
ban  v 禁止,取缔(prohibit especially by legal means or social pressure)(06.01)
【区别】ban,banner 旗帜,banish 禁止
【例句】The government has banned the use of chemical weapons.
baroque [bə'rɔk] a 巴洛克风格的,奢华的(having elaborate symmetrical ornamentation)
【联想】byzantine 拜占庭式的,复杂且神秘的
【类反】baroque<> austere(简朴的),baroque:: lavish/sumptuous
【例句】Although frugal by nature, on this special occasion he refused to conserve, but instead feasted his guests baroquely.
barrage  n 一系列的言语(尤指批评的话)(the rapid and continuous delivery of
linguistic communication (spoken or written);弹幕(the heavy fire of artillery to saturate an area rather than hit a specific target)
【例句】A barrage of criticism.接二连三的批评
bedazzle  v 使眩晕(to cause someone to lose clear vision, especially from intense light)
【助记】be(使)+dazzle(眩晕),使眩晕
【联想】be+vi(一般变为vt,表使…),不会改变动词原来意思, fuddle(困惑)—befuddle(使
迷惑),wail(悲伤)—bewail(痛哭), rate(责骂)—berate(斥责),dazzle(眩晕)-bedazzle(使眩晕),league(社团,联盟)-beleaguer(围攻),little(小)+belittle(轻视),stow(装满)-bestow(给予), reave(抢夺)-bereave(抢夺)-bereft(被剥夺的,丧失亲人的),friend(朋友)-befriend(与…交好),labor(劳苦)-belabor(痛击),wilder(疯狂的)-bewilder(使疯狂),moan 悲哀-bemoan(惋惜,认为可惜)
【比较】faint 晕,泛指各种晕倒;vertigo(vert)因为旋转而引起的晕倒;glare 耀眼的,flamboyant 艳丽的,在程度上都小于bedazzled(被眩晕)
be engaged in 从事于…,专心于…(OG-T2)
【例句】It was assumed that a woman engaged in business was a woman without either her own inheritance or a man to support her.大家都认为从事商业的女性要么没有遗产继承,要么没有男人来养她。
befriend [bi'frend] v.与人友好(OG-T1)
beleaguer [bi'li:ɡə] v. 围攻(annoy persistently)
【类反】beleaguer<> delight/mollify/sooth(使愉悦)
【例句】Civilians trapped in the beleaguered city have been airlifted to safety.
belie [bi'lai] v 掩饰;证明…为错(to prove to be false)
【类反】belie<> represent
【例句】What most belies the magazine’s critics is the manner in which its editorial opinions are expressed belies too often as if only an idiot could see things any other way.
bellicose ['belikəus] a 好斗的
【助记】bell(战斗)
【联想】belligerent 好斗的,rebel(反叛),rebellion(反抗),rebellious(反抗的),antebellum(战前)
【类反】bellicose<> appeasing(爱好和平的)
beneficent [bi'nefisənt] a. 仁慈的(generous in assistance to the poor)
【助记】bene(好)+fic(做)
【联想】bene(好):benefit 利润;benefactor 慈善家;benign 好的,良性的;benevolent 善
意的(bene+vol 意志);beneficiary 受捐助的人――联想,表示好的词根还有“eu”,表示坏的词根有mal,mis 等。
【类反】beneficent<>atrocious/truculant ( 凶恶的), beneficent:: generous/magnanimous/benevolent/philanthropic;benignant(良好的)<> vicious(恶毒的)
【例句】The depiction of the lone wolf is largely a misconception; wolves are social creatures that prefer to run in packs.(in packs 成群)
biased ['baiəst] a. 有偏见的(favoring one person or side over another)
【类反】biased<> impartial/disinterested/evenhanded/equitable(公平的,不偏不倚的),biased:: predetermined/prejudiced(偏见的)
bibliophile ['bibliəufail] n. 爱书者,藏书家
【助记】biblio(书)+phil(爱)
bitterly ['bitəli] adv 痛苦地(OG-T5)
bittersweet ['bitəswi:t] a. 又苦又甜的,苦乐参半的(06.10)(having a taste that is a mixture of bitterness and sweetness)
【例句】A bittersweet longing for things, persons, or situations of the past. 怀旧对过去事物、人或环境苦乐参半的渴望
blameworthy [bleim'wə:餴] a. 该受责备的,应受谴责的
【联想】trustworthy 值得信赖的
bland a. 温和的(lacking stimulating characteristics; uninteresting)
【类反】bland<> piquant(辛辣的),bland:: insipid, savorless, vapid(索然寡味的)
【例句】It must be clearly understood that those bland words amount in many cases to a sentence of death. The Labour Movement should raise a storm of protest.
应该清楚地认识那温和的几句话在许多情况下就等于是说判了死刑,劳工运动应发起声势浩
大的抗议。
blatant ['bleitənt] a. 喧嚣的,吵闹的a.明显的(OG-T4)
【例句】Everyone is tired of their blatant effronteries. 大家都厌恶他们粗俗.
blighted [blaitid] a 枯萎的
【类反】blighted<> hale/robust/sound/unblemished(强壮的)
blockbuster [blɔk'bʌstə] n. 轰动(an unusually successful hit with widespread popularity and huge sales (especially a movie or play or recording or novel)
【例句】the latest Hollywood blockbuster
blueprint [blu: 'print] n. 蓝图,设计图(06.05)( something intended as a guide for making something else)
Political blueprint 政治宏图
【联想】milestone 里程碑;touchstone 试金石;benchmark 基准点(a standard by which
something can be measured or judged)
【例句】(1)a blueprint for health-care reform 改革的蓝图。
(2)A landmark decision that set a legal precedent. 确立了法律判例的里程碑式的决定。
(3)Love is the touchstone of virtue. 爱情是美德的试金石。
(4)The valuation becomes a benchmark against which to judge other prices.
blunder [' ‘blʌndə] v. 失策,绊倒,犯大错误
【例句】The police blundered badly by arresting the wrong man.
boast [bəust] v 吹牛,自夸(OG-T3) (OG-T4)
Boasting is still considered inappropriate by the liberal elite.
【例句】It is one of their proudest boasts that they have halved the death rate from typhoid.
他们使伤寒病人的死亡率降低了一半,这是他们最感骄傲的事之一。
boisterous ['bɔistərəs] a 喧闹的,欢闹的
【助记】boi(boil 沸腾)
【类反】boisterous<>sedate/peaceable (安静的) ,boisterous:: rambunctious(喧闹的)
【例句】We can hear their boisterous laughter in the next room.