托福培训学校-环球托福[环球教育旗下品牌]

托福口语碰到三选一的题目如何“大开脑洞”?

2014-07-14 11:08| 来源:环球托福

摘要: 在近两年的托福考试中,三选一的题目出现的越来越多,许多时候出现的题目难度也较大,更有平时考生未曾准备过的话题,一旦碰上就一筹莫展,难以抉择、没话说、说的混乱、甚至
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      在近两年的托福考试中,三选一的题目出现的越来越多,许多时候出现的题目难度也较大,更有平时考生未曾准备过的话题,一旦碰上就一筹莫展,难以抉择、没话说、说的混乱、甚至前后还会发生不一致的情况。环球托福关辛老师为大家详细介绍托福口语中的一些技巧。
 
      本文用TPO29的task1为例,介绍“大开脑洞”,快速形成思路,还能有话可说的一些技巧。
 
      TPO29 1. Which of the following jobs or careers do you think would be most rewarding? University professor, Environmental scientist, Newspaper journalist.以下三个职业,你觉得哪一个最有价值(有意义)?大学教授,环境学家,新闻记者。
 
      看到题目,先挑选出三者各自最明显的特征:
 
      教授:教育
      环境学家:保护环境
      记者:传播新闻
      最起码的思考素材已经形成,那么对于“有意义的”“有价值的”这样的抽象概念,我们可以自己下个定义,什么是有意义?
      -影响学生,高社会地位,高收入
      -保护环境、地球
      -见证,影响他人
      University professor: spread knowledge, influence students in both academic study and life, enjoy a high social status
Environmental scientist: protect the environment (we’re suffering heavy pollution) and benefit our earth.
Newspaper journalist: meet different people and witness some significant moments; foster values of the masses by their reporting
 
      这样我们形成了supporting idea, 接下来选择一个进行展开即可;展开后,我们还可以用正反论证来支持自己的观点,从反面描述另两者,由此就充实了自己的口语答案。
      注意1:在我们选择的观点中,尽量找出一些细节描述、或举例子来稍微展开。
      注意2:选择比较好说的观点,不一定是自己真的同意的,只求好展开,有例可举。
 
      脑洞开到这里,回答的框架基本有了:
      示范:
      选择environmental scientist
 
      All the three professions are rewarding and respectable. But I think when we talk about a rewarding job, the contribution it can make to our society is the most important. So among the three, environmental scientist is the most rewarding for me, cuzthey are making contributions to not only human being, but also the earth as whole. As we’re overpopulated and straining the earth’s resources, we need environmental scientists to preserve water, give advice on land-use, and help to figure out ways to repair damaged natural areas. Though professors can spread knowledge but the fulfillment of education is not as large as saving the earth. Journalists can report news, but they do nothing practical to the earth. So I think being environmental scientists are most rewarding and meaningful.
 
      类似的题目还有许多,环球托福老师提醒考生对于托福口语平时如果多注意训练,“脑洞大开”的速度和质量都会提升,如果真的“中奖”,碰到从未见过的三选一,照样能临场发挥到4分水平!