托福培训学校-环球托福[环球教育旗下品牌]

托福口语物品题

2014-09-10 16:48| 来源:环球托福

摘要: 环球托福吴艳洁老师为考生们提供了物品题的两种解题方法:一是特色法,其次是联想法。今天,吴艳洁老师将以一道物品题为例来讲解这两种方法。
上海环球托福春季班
物品题在第一题中属于难度系数较高的题型,第一,考生对所描述物体可能不熟悉,讲不出很有力的论据;第二,物品题话题较分散,很难做到举一反三。针对这样的特征,环球托福吴艳洁老师为考生们提供了物品题的两种解题方法:一是特色法,其次是联想法。今天,吴艳洁老师将以一道物品题为例来讲解这两种方法。

托福口语之物品题例题: Talk about a book you have read that was important to you for some reason. Explain why the book was important to you. Give specific details and examples to explain your answer.

第一步:Find the keywords
关键词: book 书籍, why为什么重要
Brain storm思路
书籍名称
v  《论语》 Analects of Confucius
v  《水浒传》 Heroes of the Marshes / Water Margins
v  《三国演义》 The Romance of the Three Kingdoms
v  《西游记》 Pilgrimage to the West / Journey to the West
v  《红楼梦》 A Dream of Red Mansions / The Story of the stone
v  《老人与海》The Old Man and the Sea
v  《飘》Gone With the Wind
v  《哈利波特》Harry Potter
v  《永别了武器》Farewell to Arms
v  《傲慢与偏见》Pride and Prejudice
 
书籍种类
v  Novel                            小说
v  Fairytale                      童话
v  Fable                          寓言
v  Poetry                          诗歌
v  Comic/ graphic book                漫画书
v  Reference book                 参考书
v  Text book                           教科书
v  Biography                          传记
v  Science-fiction                   科幻
v  Love / romantic                爱情
v  Cook book                          烹饪
v  Martial arts and chivalry               武侠
 
第二步:note-taking in Template
(Template: TSC+T, T-topic sentence, S-supporting ideas, C-conclusion, T-transitional words)
T: Journey to the West
S: 物品题的论点+论点展开论述
物品题的论点分为:
1.      物品本身特征:书籍本身特色以及内容介绍以及从中学会的东西
2.      睹物思人:书是什么人送给你的?由这个人说开去。。。
3.      睹物思地:书在哪里买到的?由这个地方说开去。。。
4.      睹物思事:书背后的故事?由这件事说开去。。。
Note: 一般考试情况下,想到两到三个论点就可以了。
论点展开方式:2-3 sentences to prove your idea 原则:ASAP( as specific as possible)
ü  Personal incidents 个人事件:睹物思人、睹物思地、睹物思事一般的展开方式以个人事件为主for example。
ü  Numbers & figures 数字
ü  Listing ways 例举
ü  Reasons 理由:because物品本身特征,如我喜欢这本书因为它教给了我要坚持不懈的道理。
C (optional): 主题句的同意替换:这就是为什么我觉得这本书对我来说很重要的原因。
T:   
•         First of all/ One of my reasons/
•         What’s more/ Additionally/ In addition/ Moreover/ Also/Furthermore
•         Finally/ Last but not least
 
Sample note:  T:  西
                      S:  1st, content, persistent
                          2nd, father gift
 
第三步:speaking in Template
The book that is important to me is called journey to the west. (主题句)
The book is important to me because of two reasons. First, as one of the Four Great Classical Novels of Chinese literature, the book mainly talks about a monk together with his three protectors going to India to obtain Buddhist religious texts, during which they have encountered 81 difficulties. It is an adventure story, which also teaches me to be adventurous and never give up. (论点1:物品本身特色+理由解释)Second, this book is important to me because it is a gift from my father. My father is very encouraging. Every time when I am upset about my study, he always tells me to be optimistic and that I should confront and overcome the difficulties just like the hero in this book. So every time when I read this book, I remember what my father has told me and it really cheers me up. (论点2:睹物思人+个人事例)
In conclusion, I think the book is valuable to me (结尾)

以上,就是环球托福老师吴艳洁为大家针对托福口语之物品题带来的相关内容,供大家学习参考,希望同学们可以举一反三,在最后的考试中取得理想的成绩。