托福培训学校-环球托福[环球教育旗下品牌]

托福口语第四题详解

2014-05-23 09:55| 来源:环球托福

摘要: 环球托福的老师经常听到很多烤鸭们都说托福口语第四题是最难的一题。为什么呢?
上海环球托福春季班

       环球托福的老师经常听到很多烤鸭们都说托福口语第四题是最难的一题。为什么呢?因为这一题多了个阅读。阅读的技巧是什么呢?“阅读就是要找概念,听力就是要找例子”,我们都知道托福口语第四题是学术题,而且托福听力的内容肯定和其阅读内容关系很密切,而且思路都是一样的,所以说读细阅读对听力的理解非常重要。
                  
例如:Animal Domestication

For thousands of years, humans have been able to domesticate, or tame, many large mammals that in the wild live together in herds Once tamed, these mammals are used for agricultural work and transportation. Yet some herd mammals are not easily domesticated.A good indicator of an animal’s suitability for domestication is how protective the animal is of its territory. Non-territorial animals are more easily domesticated than territorial animals because they can live close together with animals from other herds. A second indicator is that animals with a social structure, in which herd members follow a leader, are easy to domesticate, since a human can function as the “leader”

阅读中说了三个话题:有些动物不容易被驯养,动物是否容易被驯养和它的territory有关,动物是否容易被驯养和它的social structure有关。因此就阅读而言,我们可以推断出既然是动物的驯化,听力材料中一定有动物的例子,结合阅读的第一个话题,有些动物不容易被驯养,那么有些动物就容易被驯养,可以找例子,一般而言肯定是两类动物,一个容易,一个不容易。再结合阅读中第二个及第三个话题,可以揣测出是否容易被驯养和分别和这类动物的T 和S 有关,从阅读中我们可以了解到“没有T,有S”更容易被驯养,那么听力中我们要去寻找的就是作者是如何用例子阐述某类动物是“没有T,有S”或“有T,没有S”的。找到例子,结合阅读提出的概念,最后整合成口语脱口而出。

Sample answer :
In the reading ,we know that humans tame wild and large mammals for the use of agricultural work and transportation. But it’s not an easy job to tame animals. Generally speaking, animals willing to live with others and animals following a leader are easier to be tamed.
In the lecture, the professor uses two very different examples to clarify what kind of animals are easier to be tamed.  One example is horse. A male horse and several females and their youngs form a group, and they always follow the male as the leader. Also, horses don’t fight off others from entering their land. So that horses are easier to be tamed. In another example of antelopes, however, we just see quite the opposite. They will fight if they are together, and they don’t follow any leader. That’s why they are not easy to be controlled
 
以上,是环球托福老师给大家总结的关于最难得托福口语第四题中的阅读部分,希望可以给大家带来帮助并可以举一反三。