托福培训学校-环球教育[环球教育旗下品]
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11月14日托福考试详细机经

2020-11-16 11:52| 来源:环球教育

摘要: 听力主要观点提取 总论点:探险队员铅中毒的源头就是罐装食品。
留学英语在线测试

【口语部分】

内容回忆 :

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Good friends always make best roommates.

你同意或不同意以下说法?好朋友总是好的室友。

参考答案:

I do agree with the statement, because, first, when you live with your friends, you know each other, like your characteristics, or your preferences, and you may share similar interests and values, so you can hang out together, like watching films or participating parties together. There will be a lot of fun! And also, I think friends can support each other, because life could be really hard sometimes, so I think it’s good to have someone who can comfort you, like when you break up with your boyfriend. On the contrary, imagine, if you don’t get along well with your roommates, there will be a lot of conflicts and you have to tolerate each other. So I think it’s like a kind of torture if you have to see your roommate every day.

 

 

【写作部分】

【综合写作:】

话题分类:综合写作考查历史类,重复 2015/12/5 和/2017/10/29)

考题回忆:总论点:罐头食品是不是导致英国船员铅中毒和死亡的原因

  • 阅读部分

1)罐头密封性很好,铅不会进入到食物中去;

2)其他船员没有报告这个现象;

3)还有其他更可能的来源,比如净化水系统的管道是由铅做的。

  • 听力部分 

1)工人由于工作压力大,会粗心,导致罐头密封不好。

2)没有经过专业的检查,铅中毒是很难被发现的。

3)铅管道的净化系统是给船的发动机供水的,船员有另外供水。

  • 解题思路 阅读主要观点提取

总论点:研究表明高浓度的铅导致了远征北边的海军中毒而死亡。一些人认为是他们食用了含铅的罐装食品。然而,作者对着一观点进行了反驳。

  • 理由一:并没有大量的铅进入到食物中。在 19 世纪,人们用融化的铅来密封食品罐。人们是从罐的外部来密封盖子的,所以,铅接触罐内食物的可能性是非常小的。

  • 理由二:没有出现其他同样的案例。许多其他的英国船队也使用铅来密封罐装食品。但是,他们都没     有铅中毒的情况。

  • 理由三:可能是水手们和了含铅的水。富兰克林的船只都有一套特殊的净水系统,来过滤出可以喝的     淡水。然而,净水系统的水管是用铅制成的。

 

听力主要观点提取

总论点:探险队员铅中毒的源头就是罐装食品。

  • 解释一:成产罐装食品的工人们以一种非常草率的方式来密封盖子。事实上,工人们并没有足够的时     间去生产罐装食品。因为时间紧急的原因,工人们在密封的时候并不是非常细心,导致了铅本没有在盖子     的外面,而是流进了罐内的食物里。

  • 解释二:之所以没有任何关于其他英国船队铅中毒的报道,是因为他们没有检查自己是否铅中毒。没     有经过专业的检查,铅中毒是很难被发现的。轻度铅中毒的症状包含疲劳和头疼,但这两点是很常见的,     所以很多人会忽视这些症状。

  • 解释三:用净水系统净化出来的淡水是供引擎使用的,而不是给水手们饮用的。船上的引擎是蒸汽引     擎,因此必须要使用淡水。同时,在船上,他们有另外的饮用水供应。

参考范文】:

Both the reading and the listening discuss about the cause of the crew poisoning to death by the lead in canned food. The reading raises three arguments against it, while the listening holds a totally different viewpoint.

Firstly, the author mentions that lead didn’t get into food because melted lead was carefully applied to cans from the outside to seal the lids in place. However, the speaker says that the melted lead did not stay outside of the cans on ships as it was supposed to. In fact, the workers in food company didn’t have enough time to seal the lids carefully. So, the melted lead ran down the inside of the cans, contaminating the food.

Additionally, the writer demonstrates that there were no other cases about lead poisoning reported. As a matter of fact, the speaker indicates that sailors on the other ships didn’t test for lead poisoning but lead poisoning is difficult to be detected without specific tests. The reason is that symptoms of mild lead poisoning include tiredness and headaches, which are very common. Therefore, other sailors might overlook the signs and couldn’t recognize the problems.

Finally, the speaker contradicts the idea in reading by suggesting that the main purpose of the water purification systems was to provide freshwater for the ships engines instead of drinking or cooking. It is because those engines were steam engines and they must use freshwater. Moreover, there were separate supplies of freshwater on board for drinking and cooking.

 

【独立写作】

话题分类:政府投资类,重复 2014.12.28

考题回忆 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

It is important for government to spend money on things that are beautiful not only

  • 解题思路 写作思路:

要点:本题是考察如何政府投资的问题。

Practical things:交通, 学校, 医院等Beautiful things:公园, 雕塑等地标建筑

  • 本范文的立场:

投资实用和投资美丽的设施二者不矛盾反而互补。

1.政府首先投资实用的设施的好处:

满足人们的基本需求如教育,医疗和交通可以大限度的惠泽大众。

2.政府其次投资美丽设施的好处:

美丽的地方让人们有的休闲的去处也可以提升城市经济

【参考范文】:

It is argued that the government should place more importance on practical projects rather than on fantastic and eye-catching ones. In my opinion, these two aspects are not mutually exclusive but complementary.

There is no doubt that the government should put priority on the main sectors’ development by building more schools and hospitals. Roads are especially important due to the fact that there is a growing trend of traffic congestion in almost every metropolis. This basic infrastructure benefits the majority of people because they are practical and useful sectors that are closely related to every citizen ’ s day-to-day life. For instance, if the government would invest more fund on school education, the more children could be able to go to school; if the government would build more hospitals, it could make going to such a place more pleasant; if the government would spend more on public transports, traffic jams would ease dramatically.

When the government satisfies these basic needs of its citizens, it should consider constructing more public parks and monuments for the city which are not only aesthetically pleasing but could also boost the local economy significantly in the long term. As a result, people then have a place to hang out and relax in the parks which would be beneficial to people’ s physical health and mental well-being. In addition, it would attract more tourists flocking in the city, thus making other service industries thriving like hotels, restaurants and so on. Take Da Lian city-also called a garden city-as an example, ever since the local government placed more emphasis on its beautification, it has become a tourist hotspot which caused its GDP to skyrocket and become one of the top cities in China.

To sum up, I am convinced that the government should prioritize the basic needs of its citizens by providing more practical projects which would make the city more livable and comfortable for its residents. Then, beautifying the city also deserves attention because it can improve quality of its citizen’s life financially and mentally. (336 words 刘影老师原创)

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