托福培训学校-环球托福[环球教育旗下品牌]

托福词汇-重点词根词缀总结

2014-04-15 12:13| 来源:环球托福

摘要: 环球托福的老师根据词根词缀为考生整理了一些必备的托福词汇
上海环球托福春季班
环球托福的老师根据词根词缀为考生整理了一些必备的托福词汇

Section 1
1.       grat  grateful gratitude ingratitude ingratiate gratify gratuity gratis gratuitous ingrate engrave ingrain grating
2.       patr repatriate expatriate patrician patriot compatriot patriarchy matriarchy anarchy monarchy oligarchy hierarchy
3.       crac/crat democracy theocracy aristocrat autocratic bureaucrat plutocracy
4.       matr matrimony matrix maternity matriculate
5.       cred incredible discredit credulous accredit credential credo creed
6.       loqu/locu eloquent elocution colloquial interlocution loquacious locution circumlocution grandiloquent magniloquent soliloquy obloquy
7.       log/logue prologue monologue catalogue eulogy trilogy epilogue
8.       epi epilogue epitaph epitome epithet epidermis dermatology
9.       fuse diffuse effuse infuse profuse (profound) transfuse defuse
10.   wick taper diminish abridge dwindle curtail retrench wane wax
11.   spring glacier bog marsh morass quagmire mire tributary distributary (distribute attribute contribute) creek brook rapids confluence eddy vortex vertex meander cascade cataract sediment delta estuary silt levee sluice canal
12.   propensity tendency disposition predisposition inclination proclivity bent predilection penchant (enchant trenchant) orientation
13.   fledging neophyte novice tyro rookie recruit apprentice freshman colt amateur dabbler dilettante
14. immortal immoral immolate

Section 2
1.       per perforate perennial permanent perpetuate permeate persevere perverted peremptory preempt disperse(diffuse, distribute, propagate, radiate)
(ephemeral, evanescent, fleeting, impermanent, transitory)
2.       anthrop anthropology(anthology) philanthropist misanthropist anthropoid
3.       hypo hypothesis hypotension(hypertension) hypodermic hypochondriac hypocritical
4.       ple implement complement(compliment) supplement deplete replete plethora
5.       vid/vis videotape provident visual visa visage vision revise supervise improvise previse provision envision invidious
6.       spir spirit dispirit inspire conspire respire aspire expire perspire spirometer thermometer perimeter odometer symmetrical symbiosis
7.       spic/spec auspice conspicuous despicable introspection circumspect retrospect prospect perspicacious perspicuous specious spectator spectacle spectacular
8.       mosaic montage ballet cast constellation chord clientele faculty rabble hodgepodge medley repertoire archipelago zigzag
9.       memoir repertoire reservoir bizarre bazaar blasé ennui cliché avant-garde genre vignette denouement baton(gavel gravel)

Section 3
1.       fid fidelity infidel confide confident diffident confidential perfidious affidavit
2.       duc/ductc conduct deduct deduce induce seduce abduct induct irreducible ductile transducer aqueduct viaduct
3.       culp culprit culpable exculpate inculpate criminal incriminate recriminate
4.       eu eulogy eugenic euphemism euphoria euphony cacophony symphony phonetic
5.       capricious whimsical mercurial fickle inconstant erratic volatile labile protean versatile
6.       passive impassive passion impassioned compassion (in)flammable
7.       ingenuous artless guileless naïve simple unsophisticated
8.       affected mannered stilted artificial stagy histrionic pretentious nonconformist iconoclast bohemian maverick arsenal oasis
9.       doggerel sonnet limerick anthology panegyric hymn paean psalm anthem anathema elegy dirge lampoon satire anecdote mystery valediction ode parody spoof (discourse diatribe tirade harangue screed)
10.   dilettante maestro virtuoso bravura finale libretto crescendo decrescendo piano forte imbroglio vendetta incognito yinxing maiming fiasco fresco portfolio

Section 4
1.       plac/plais implacable placebo placidity complaisant(complacent)
2.       pac/peas pacify pacifist appease pact compact
3.       turb turbine disturbance perturb turbulent turbid torpid torrid tepid
4.       path  pathetic apathetic empathy pathology pathological
5.       cid/cis concise precise excide incise incisive incisor suicide
6.       vert/vers convert convertible converse controvert conversant versant reverse(reserve) avert divert pervert subvert introvert extrovert versatile vertigo
7.       cult culture agriculture apiculture aquaculture floriculture pisciculture cultivate cult incult
8.       voc/vok vocalist advocate convoke provoke evoke revoke equivocate
9.       skin epidermis cuticle hide fell rind peel husk hull bark carapace membrane enamel pottery
10.   flock flight herd drove pack gang gaggle bevy brood
11.   prodigal profligate spendthrift wastrel
12.   robbery embezzlement appropriate wiretapping plagiarism kleptomania(mania paranoia megalomania pyromania dipsomania teetotaler)                                                                                                                                                                                                                             

Section 5
1.       cord  accord concordant discordant cordial
2.       dic/dict  dictate diction contradict benediction malediction interdiction jurisdiction valediction dictum abdicate dedicate edict predict verdict
3.       gre  segregate congregate aggregate gregarious egregious
4.       sed  sedate sedative sedentary sediment sedulous arduous assiduous diligent industrious
5.       ject  abject deject adjacent inject projector projectile trajectory eject ejaculate reject conjecture (conjunction conjuncture)
6.       cre  accrete crescendo diminuendo excrete secrete secret increment
7.       doff don bonnet helmet muffler mitten vestment tuxedo scarf shawl poncho uniform padding epaulet sandal
8.       solo aria duet trio quartet fantasia capriccio rhapsody concerto reverie serenade medley pastiche note bar phrase movement score overture finale prelude coda piano forte crescendo diminuendo refrain staccato cantata oratorio operetta melodrama farce pantomime soprano tenor canary recital rendering maestro virtuoso ballerina minuet pirouette madrigal ballad ditty harpsichord violin viola cello bassoon tambourine percussionist horn trumpet

Section 6
1.        prov/prob  approbation disprove reprobate probity reprove
2.        ann/enn  anniversary annual annals perennial annuity millennium biannual
3.        cad/cas/cid  decadent deciduous cascade cadence castigate
4.        claim.clam  acclaim disclaim declaim exclaim proclaim reclaim clamour
5.        corp/corpor  corpse corps corporation incorporate corpulent corporal corporeal incorporeal corpuscle
6.        carn  carnage carnival incarnation
7.        scrib/scrip  inscribe prescribe subscribe proscribe transcribe ascribe scripture manuscript circumscribe scribble conscript
8.        inveigle decoy coax cajole blandishment wheedle swindle beguile deceive hoodwink gull gullible (1.credulous) hoax double-cross cozen
9.        cool chilly brisk breezy glacial icy iceberg frigid scorch scald patch insolate sear singe tinge swarthy sweltering sultry sizzler torrid
10.    sluggish languid lethargic listless indolent redolent insolent

Section 7
1.       cosm  cosmetic cosmic cosmopolitan cosmology microcosm macrocosm
2.       cub/cumb  incumbent succumb concubine incubate incubus cubicle recumbent procumbent
3.       pan  panoramic pantheon pandemic panacea panegyric panoply pandemonium
4.       dem  democracy demography demagogue epidemic endemic pandemic
5.       equ  equate equivalent equable equator equilibrium equivocal
6.       flat  inflate deflate flatulent conflate
7.       nasc/nat nascent renaissance cognate innate neonate
8.       viv/vit  vivid revive survive vivacious vivisect convivial
9.       gen genius genuine genesis genetic eugenic congenial degenerate genealogy progeny progenitor engender photogenic
10.   rupt  corrupt interrupt disrupt erupt rupture bankrupt abrupt
11.   penetrate(penetrating) perpetrate(perpetrator) perpetuate(perpetual)
12.   offhand impromptu extemporary extemporaneous improvised adlib unrehearsed

Section 8
1.       flu/flux  fluent affluent confluence effluent superfluous influential mellifluous influx
2.       nov  novel innovate novice renovate renovate supernova
3.       per  compel impel repel expel propel dispel
4.       ped expedite expedient impede quadruped centipede peddle pedestal pedestrian pediatrician pedagogy pedant encyclopedia
5.       pod  tripod podium podiatrist
6.       sci  conscience conscious omniscient prescient subconscious
7.       gni/gno recognize ignorant agnostic cognitive diagnose incognito prognosticate (procrastinate procrustean)
8.       timorous timid recreant pusillanimous craven gutless spineless nerveless chinless quail
9.       quiver cower recoil flinch cringe
10.   easel brush canvas(canvass) palette(palate) crayon collage pastel fresco mural pornography woodcut tapestry limn stipple daub(daubster) doodle rebus (riddle charade conundrum sphinx enigma stigma insignial)
11.   presumptuous (presume assume) assuming pompous vainglorious arrogant haughty hauteur supercilious overbearing imperious (impervious) pontifical vain(自负,空洞)
12.   complaisant fawning servile obsequious cringing adulatory toady sycophant ingratiate

Section 9
1.       tang/tact  contact tangible contagious tactile intact tangent
2.       volv/volut  involve revolve revolution evolve devolve convoluted
3.       quis  acquisitive inquisitive perquisite requisite prerequisite
4.       rog  abrogate arrogant interrogate surrogate derogatory prerogative
5.       nom  nominate nominee nominal ignominious misnomer nomenclature
6.       bell  antebellum bellicose belligerence rebellion
7.       lev  lever alleviate elevate leavening levity
8.       embellish adorn embroider garnish
9.       garish gaudy flamboyant tawdry meretricious flashy flaring
10.   stubborn obstinate headstrong wrongheaded intransigent refractory recalcitrant contumacious unmanageable inflexible unyielding unbending pertinacious tenacious intractable persistent obdurate hidebound adamant willful dogged mulish ossified

Section 10
1.       sec/sequ  consequential obsequious sequential sequel
2.       vor  carnivorous herbivorous omnivorous voracious
3.       son  sonata dissonant resonance sonic ultrasound
4.       luc  lucid elucidate lucent lucubration translucent
5.       mor/mort  mortuary immortality moribund mortician mortify
6.       mit/mis  emissary manumission missive remittance
7.       moni  admonish monitory monitor premonition
8.       purg  expurgate purgative purgatory purge
9.       string/strict astringent constrict prestigious stringent
10.   ten/tenu attenuate extenuating tenure tenuous
11.   precursor harbinger herald forerunner
imbue implant instill infuse impart indoctrinate inoculate

大量,富裕,奢华(注意程度)
profuse, exuberant, lavish, luxuriant, opulent, affluence,plethora
缺乏,贫穷
scarcity, insufficiency, want, meager, scant, scarceness, penury, poverty, indigent(indigenous,)
坏的,堕落的
immoral vicious evil wicked reprobate iniquitous debased, corrupted, depraved, perverted, vitiated
deterioration(恶化堕落) turpitude    
奉承 赞美(注意褒贬)
Praise accolade eulogy encomium, panegyric, tribute
compliment flatter
panegyric     
谴责 辱骂(注意程度)
scold, reprove, chide, monish;rebuke, reprimand, reprehend  blame, censure, condemn, denounce, denunciate, reprobate reproach,, berate, lash, rail, rate, revile, upbraid aspersion obloquy diatribe abuse aversion antipathy disinclination    culpable despicable该受谴责的
机警的
alert  wary  gulled  duped   受骗的
陈腐
trite bathetic, cliche, commonplace, hackneyed, shopworn, threadbare, timeworn \

逃避
duck, parry, shirk, equivocate escape, avoid, elude, eschew avert
inevitable  ineluctable, ineludible, inescapable, inevasible(不可避免的)
平息抚慰:
appease conciliate assuage mollify placate propitiate
inalienable(不可剥夺的),implacable(无法平息的)
阻挠,抑制:
frustrate;obstruct;thwart;impede;forestall,prohibit,stymie
attenuate, blunt, cripple, debilitate, disable, enfeeble, undermine
缩减
wick taper diminish abridge dwindle curtail retrench wane truncate
延长,加强
extend, draw, elongate, lengthen, prolongate, protract, stretch, aggravate(恶化), enhance, , magnify, intensify
证实
embody,materialize, confirm, authenticate, corroborate,verify substantiate,verify validate 
支持
buttress support, bolster, brace, prop, sustain, uphold
反对 反抗
affront confront oppose challenge defy reject taunt(嘲弄) tout(极力赞扬)
蔑视
neglect, discount,, ignore, overlook, overpass, slight,disregard
scoff, fleer, gibe, gird, jeer, jest, sneer, flout, scorn,mock, taunt,ridicule
讽刺
sarcasm  satire  satirize   lampoon burlesque spoof parody  caustic
caricature   revue 
尊重
honor, reverence, deference, homage
可怕的,敬畏的
redoubtable,awe(注意词性)formidable
正直的
sincerity  probity integrity wholesomeness upright
真的,诚实的
Genuine authentic ingenuous veracity candor
天真的
natural ,artless, naive, unaffected, unsophisticated, ingenuous

假的,伪善的
mendacious Poseur hypocritical spuriousness bogus sanctimonious simulation(伪造) fabricate apocryphal chicanery(诡计多端)
狡猾 sly artful, astute, crafty, cunning, foxy, guileful, subtle, tricky
欺骗
Fraudulent hoax cheat, defraud, swindle, deceive, (credulous, gullible) coax(哄骗) guile(狡猾)
伪装
camouflage, dissemble, dissimulate, mask,disguise

使不安
agitate, bother, discombobulate, dismay, disquiet, disturb, upset, discompose
善变的

稳定的持久
diurnal, durable, enduring, perdurable, stable permanent perennial perpetuate sedentary
短暂的
ephemeral, evanescent, fleeting, impermanent, transitory, volatile, transient linger(逗留) malinger(装病逃避工作)
乱的

声音

安静的 镇静的
serene placid, poised tranquil sedate staid composed placebo(安慰剂)

精力充沛 热情
emotional perfervid excitable zealot fervor, ardor, avid, enthusiasm, zeal effervesce   vigorous
ebullience   animation   verve vim
无精打采 冷漠
torpor  lethargy , coma, dullness, languor, lassitude torpidity
Apathetic(empathy, anthology anticipate antipathy), insipid,phlegmatic, stoic, stolid deadpan dull , obtuse(迟钝的) blase
slouch, sluggishness indolence sloth(懒散懒惰)
sluggard(懒鬼)
slovenly,, disheveled, slipshod, sloppy, unkempt, untidy(邋遢的)
fatigue languid/ phlegmatic(疲倦)
dormant latent, abeyant, lurking, potential, prepatent, quiescent

闲逛:
amble, drift, linger, stroll, idle, saunter desultory(散漫)
meander wander, ramble, roam, rove, stray, vagabond
吵闹
commotion , clamor, hassle, hubbub, turmoil, uproar turbulent(骚动的)
boisterous, disorderly, rambunctious, raucous, tumultuous, unruly, din , hubbub
小的 大的
破旧 虚弱
Decrepit feeble(enfeeble), fragile, lank frail, infirm, insubstantial, unsound rickety tattered
threadbare      shabby , dilapidated, dingy, faded wretched

坚实 强壮
sound   valid hale,sound,robust, stalwart
blighted(枯萎)
贪婪的
rapacious       avaricious voracious, gluttonous, ravenous
无形的 不能感知(触摸)的
Intangible impalpable, imponderable, inappreciable(微不足道的), indiscernible, invisible(看不见的)tactile  (触觉的)
坚定
resolute irresolute(犹豫不决) stalwart  steadfast tenacious sturdy stout
固执
headstrong, intractable, intransigent, mulish, pertinacious,, pervicacious, refractory, stubborn, unpliable, unpliant, unyielding
灵活 机敏
Adroit acumen tact(机智 圆滑) adeptness dexterous lissome shrewd, astucious, astute, perspicacious, sagacious
笨拙
Tactless clumsy , awkward, lumbering, lumpish ungainly gaffe(社交失态)brash, impolitic, maladroit, undiplomatic, unpolitic, untactful
改变
turn , avert, deflect, divert, pivot, sheer,  whirl, veer,convert   (改变信仰)
modify alter
慷慨
Largesse liberal, bounteous, freehanded, generous munificent
吝啬
mingy, miserly,niggard,parsimonious,penurious,stingy
激励、
prod    roil(激怒) rouse(唤醒 唤起) arouse   foment    incite, abet, instigate, provoke, raise, stir up, abet,kindle
使受挫
chill, deject, dishearten, disparage, dispirit
粗糙 粗俗
surly, clownish, coarse, loutish, uncultured, tattered, unpolished, cacophony

salubrious   wholesome   beneficent  beneficial/ salutary/

virulent deleterious noxious   baleful  toxic detrimental malign nefarious   
琐细的 微小的
puny measly, niggling, paltry, piddling, trifling, trivial
浪费
spendthrift prodigal, profligate, squander, unthrift, wastrel
节俭 朴素
ascetic, spartan, frugal austere prudence, thrift, parsimonious(吝啬,贬义)

BT词:antidote解毒药 anecdote轶事

哀悼 伤心
heartrending   afflictive lamentable  pensive  woeful  doleful condole pathetic wretched
ruminative reflective plaintive museful(沉思)
高兴
exult rejoice

奢华
sensuous, epicurean, luscious, lush, luxurious, sensual,voluptuous 
简洁的
Pithy laconic concise precise(精确地) succinct compendious, curt
冗长
wordy, diffuse, redundant, verbose, windy prolix
忠诚
fidelity      
背叛
disloyal,, perfidious, traitorous,treacherous, turncoat
旋绕 迂回
Circuitous indirect, circular, oblique, roundabout,sinuous convoluted, flexuous, meandering, serpentine, tortuous
害怕 懦弱
cowardice cower craven pusillanimous  gutless fawn, cringe, grovel
勇敢
bravado    valorous intrepid plucky prowess , bold, courageous, dauntless, intrepid,valiant
audacious
脅迫
intimidate  browbeat bluster, bully, cow
先天的
indigenous   innate , connatural, inherited, native, natural
仁义的
lenient gentle, balmy, bland, mild benign clement 
厚颜无耻
brazen(黃銅)shameless, barefaced,brazenfaced, impudent, unabashed
Impudent (impetuous abrupt hasty 衝動的)brassy/ brazen
谦逊
modesty  unassuming   humility
panache  (炫耀) arrogance驕傲
文雅的
urbane     genteel, cultivated, cultured, polished, refined, well-bred
顺从
Tractable obedient, amenable, docile, pliant, amenable
专横
presumptuous (presume assume) assuming pompous vainglorious arrogant haughty hauteur supercilious overbearing imperious