托福培训学校-环球托福[环球教育旗下品牌]

托福语法-名词

2014-04-10 13:47| 来源:环球托福

摘要: 为了帮助大家在托福考试中拿高分,系统学习好托福语法,上海环球托福语法老师特意帮我们从最基本的语法基础名词开始学起:掌握了语法的根本,对于我们在任何类型的英语考试中
上海环球托福培训班
为了帮助大家在托福考试中拿高分,系统学习好托福语法,上海环球托福语法老师特意帮我们从最基本的语法基础名词开始学起:掌握了语法的根本,对于我们在任何类型的英语考试中都是一个很好的优势!语法基础不熟悉的同学也可以通过本官网从零开始学语法噢~期待大家的进步!

托福语法-名词

常见不规则复数形式
child children
foot feet
tooth teeth
goose geese
man men
woman women
mouse mice
louse lice
ox oxen
penny pence
analysis analyses
appendix appendices
parenthesis parentheses
basis bases
ellipsis ellipses
axis axes
hypothesis hypotheses
oasis oases
crisis crises
criterion criteria
phenomenon phenomena
datum data
medium media
bacterium bacteria
nucleus nuclei
fungus fungi
stimulus stimuli
alumnus alumni
focus foci
radius radii
terminus termini
larva larvae
alga algae
formula formulae
 
结尾读音为[f]并且以-f或-fe结尾的名词变化
1.  规则变化:beliefs, chiefs, cliffs, dwarves, hoofs, scarves
2.  不规则变化:把f或fe变成v,加es,读音为[vz]
3.  杂交变化: wharfs, wharves均可
 
以-o结尾
1.+s : kilos, photos, Filipinos, Eskimos, radios, solos 死物
2.+es : heroes, potatoes, tomatoes, Negroes 活物
3.+es/s : cargos / cargoes 半死不活
 
托福越发中的单复数同形:
deer
grouse
salmon
trout
carp
bison
sheep
Chinese
Japanese
Portuguese
Swiss
Vietnamese
barracks
corps
crossroads
gallows
headquarters
means
series
species
works
horsepower
hertz
kilohertz
li
mu
aircraft
spacecraft
craft
offspring
 
托福语法中词的性别

词缀

actor actress
prince princess
hero heroine
host hostess
waiter waitress
widower widow
 
没联系
father mother
uncle aunt
son daughter
king queen
 
变态词
dog 雌雄均可,多指公狗
bitch 母狗
horse 雌雄均可
stallion 公马
mare 母马
duck 雌雄均可,多指母鸭
drake 公鸭
 
加表示性别的词  
male nurce man doctor
maid servant woman voter
gentleman friend(男性朋友) lady clerk
male swan female flower
 
托福语法的要点:
1.  单数名词不可单独存在-必须有冠词
2.  Every, each, another, many a只能修饰单数可数名词
3.  序数后一般使用单数可数名词
4.  Other一般修饰复数名词,也可以修饰不可数
5.  只能修饰复数名词:these, those, many, various, several, numerous, few, a few, both, diverse, a (good / large / great) number of, numbers of, one of
6.  One / two / many + of + 限定词 + 复数名词
 
必须使用复数形式的词:clothes, riches, fireworks, remains, wages, ashes, thanks, sweets
复合词:num, + n. + (adj.),其中n.要用单数
只修饰不可数名词:much, little, a little, a great deal of, a great amount of, a piece of, an article of