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GRE阅读理解36套题Exercise4分析(下)

2014-04-02 14:02| 来源:环球GRE

摘要: 看了上文,GRE阅读理解36套题Exercise 4分析(上),是否还意犹未尽呢,下面,请和环球托福一起来学习余下的内容:
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看了上文,GRE阅读理解36套题Exercise 4分析(上),是否还意犹未尽呢?下文更精彩,请和环球托福一起来学习以下的6套题Exercise 4题目分析(下)

5. The author of the passage believes that Black Fiction would have been improved had Rosenblatt
(A) evaluated more carefully the ideological and historical aspects of Black fiction
(B) attempted to be more objective in his approach to novels and stories by Black authors
(C) explored in greater detail the recurrent thematic concerns of Black fiction throughout its history
(D) established a basis for placing Black fiction within its own unique literary tradition
(E) assessed the relative literary merit of the novels he analyzes thematically
 
题目分析:既然是改进题,肯定要对作者对该事物的负评价取非;首先找到负评价:定位在L34开始的第三段文章,作者主要说R人并没有在主观上,对一些作品的价值进行评价,从而留下了很多审美上的问题。Black Fiction does leave some aesthetic questions open.Rosenblatt‘s thematic analysis permits considerable objectivity; he even explicitly states that it is not his intention to judge the merit of the various works—yet his reluctance seems misplaced放错的,不合适的, especially since an attempt to appraise评价,鉴定 might have led to interesting results.】定位没问题,这句理解有问题,留下了审美方面的遗憾,R的评价分析很客观,他甚至特别说明了他不评论文章是故意的,但是!!!他的这个不愿意是不好的!!!因为一些评价会有很好的结果misplaced理解有误】
 
6. The author of the passage refers to James Weldon Johnson‘s Autobiography of an Ex-Colored Man most probably in order to
(A) point out affinities between Rosenblatt‘s method of thematic analysis and earlier criticism
(B) clarify the point about expressionistic style made earlier in the passage
(C) qualify the assessment of Rosenblatt‘s book made in the first paragraph of the passage
(D) illustrate the affinities among Black novels disclosed by Rosenblatt‘s literary analysis
(E) give a specific example of one of the accomplishments of Rosenblatt‘s work
 
题目分析:用书名定位,问例子的作用,找到之前的观点:“what Rosenblatt does include in his discussion makes for an astute and worthwhile study. Black Fiction surveys a wide variety of novels, bringing to our attention in the process some fascinating and little-known works”,我们发现基本都是很好的词汇来表扬这本书的;后面举得例子一定是为这句话服务的。D选项比较迷惑(我选了),不选它个人觉得是因为文章中红字部分,作者只是用这个书名来强调Black Fiction给我们带来的好处,而不是affinities;选E.
 
GRE阅读理解36套题Exercise 4题目原文:
 
The transfer of heat and water vapor from the ocean to the air above it depends on a disequilibrium不平衡 at the interface of the water and the air. Within about a millimeter of the water, air temperature is close to that of the surface water, and the air is nearly saturated饱和 with water vapor. But the differences, however small, are crucial, and the disequilibrium is maintained by air near the surface mixing with air higher up, which is typically appreciably相当地,可察觉地 cooler and lower in water-vapor content.  The air is mixed by means of turbulence that depends on the wind for its energy. As wind speed increases, so does turbulence, and thus the rate of heat and moisture transfer. Detailed understanding of this phenomenon awaits further study. (127 words)
 
 
For the following question, consider each of the choices separately and select all that apply
 
7. According to the passage, wind over the ocean generally does which of the following?
A Causes relatively cool, dry air to come into proximity接近 with the ocean surface.
B Maintains a steady rate of heat and moisture transfer between the ocean and the air.
C Causes frequent changes in the temperature of the water at the ocean‘s surface.
 
题目分析:问风有啥用?定位文章,我们就知道了风的作用:提供turbulence的能量,因此就增强了温度和湿度的交互,也就是前文所讲的空气和海水的接触。 A. 正确选项 B. 原文说“As wind speed increases, so does turbulence, and thus the rate of heat and moisture transfer.”也就是高速风会导致高速率交互,可是选项中说的是steady rate,什么样的风才能导致steady rate呢?根据文章的内容只能是steady的风,但是题干问的只是风的作用,不是什么样的风都能让它steady的,所以不选。 C. 文章压根儿没提过温度的变化频率问题。
 
8. The passage suggests that if on a certain day the wind were to decrease until there was no wind at all which of the following would occur?
(A) The air closest to the ocean surface would become saturated with water vapor.Within about a millimeter of the water, air temperature is close to that of the surface water, and the air is nearly saturated饱和 with water vapor.。。。As wind speed increases, so does turbulence, and thus the rate of heat and moisture transfer. 取非】
(B) The air closest to the ocean surface would be warmer than the water.
(C) The amount of moisture in the air closest to the ocean surface would decrease.
(D) The rate of heat and moisture transfer would increase.
(E) The air closest to the ocean would be at the same temperature as air higher up.
 
题目分析:如上题所讲,wind增加,会增加漩涡,从而增加mixed air,从而增加不平衡;这时候我们继续往前找,看到不平衡的同义词difference后面有一个however small,肯定前面有一个很small感觉的东西,我们看见有一个nearly,我们知道后面所有的这些东西的存在实际上都是在支持这个nearly,一旦后面取非,这个nearly也将不复存在。
 
GRE阅读理解36套题Exercise 4题目原文:
 
―I want to criticize the social system, and to show it at work, at its most intense最大程度的.‖ Virginia Woolf‘s provocative挑衅的,煽动的 statement about her intentions in writing Mrs. Dalloway has regularly been ignored by the critics, since it highlights an aspect of her literary interests very different from the traditional picture of the ―poetic‖ novelist concerned with examining states of reverie幻想 and vision and with following the intricate复杂的 pathways of individual consciousness. But Virginia Woolf was a realistic as well as a poetic novelist, a satirist and social critic as well as a visionary: literary critics‘ cavalier漫不经心的 dismissal打发 of Woolf‘s social vision will not withstand scrutiny.详细审查
In her novels, Woolf is deeply engaged by the questions of how individuals are shaped (or deformed) by their social environments, how historical forces impinge on people‘s lives, how class, wealth, and gender help to determine people‘s fates. Most of her novels are rooted in a realistically rendered已渲染的 social setting and in a precise historical time. (163 words)
 
9. In the first paragraph of the passage, the author‘s attitude toward the literary critics mentioned can best be described as
(A) disparaging蔑视的【Virginia Woolf‘s provocative挑衅的,煽动的 statement about her intentions in writing Mrs. Dalloway has regularly been ignored by the critics。。。 ignore是个负面的词汇,该动作由critics发出,表明作者对他们的态度】
(B) ironic
(C) facetious诙谐的
(D) skeptical but resigned
(E) disappointed but hopeful
 
题目分析:
主旨题:
提到literary critic的只有第一段,
L4的ignore告诉了我们答案。
 
10.It can be inferred from the passage that the most probable reason Woolf realistically described the social setting in the majority of her novels was that she
(A) was aware that contemporary literary critics considered the novel to be the most realistic of literary genres
(B) was interested in the effect of a person‘s social milieu on his or her character and actions 【Most of her novels are rooted in a realistically rendered已渲染的 social setting and in a precise historical time.】
(C) needed to be as attentive to detail as possible in her novels in order to support the arguments she advanced in them
(D) wanted to show that a painstaking fidelity in the representation of reality did not in
any way hamper the artist
(E) wished to prevent critics from charging that her novels were written in an ambiguous
and inexact style
 
题目分析:用social setting定位L15直接告诉了我们答案。
 
11. In the context of the passage, ―poetic‖ is closest in meaning to
(A) socioeconomic
(B) realistic
(C) political
(D) visionary
(E) literary
 
题目分析:这种题在考试中不知道会不会像托福一样标注出来,我做题的时候就一直在L10的那个poetic纠结了很久,答案也是选错了;如果是问第一个带引号的那个的话,用后面“examining states of reverie and vision”的分词结构就能选出答案,reverie是幻想曲、幻想;vision不只是视力、美景的意思,也有想象、幻想的感觉。
 
GRE阅读理解36套题Exercise 4题目分析

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