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GRE写作素材之创造性思维

2014-03-19 18:05| 来源:环球GRE

摘要: 今天,环球托福为大家搜集整理了GRE写作素材之创造性思维。今后,还会陆续推荐GRE写作素材。尽情期待环球托福。
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环球托福为大家搜集整理了GRE写作素材之创造性思维。今后,还会陆续推荐GRE写作素材。以下GRE写作素材供考生们参考。

 
【什么是创造力】
 
Creativity is the ability to produce work that is novel, high in quality, and appropriate. Creativity is a topic of wide scope that is important at both the individual and societal levels for a wide range of task domains. At an individual level, creativity is relevant, for example, when solving problems on the job and in daily life. At a societal level, creativity can lead to new scientific findings, new movements in art, new inventions, and new social programs. The economic importance of creativity is clear because new products or services create jobs. Furthermore, individuals, organizations, and societies must adapt existing resources to changing task demands to remain competitive.
 
【创造力的特点】
 
You would be demonstrating creativity if you:
Invent something which has never existed before;
Invent something which exists elsewhere but you are not aware of;
Invent a new process for doing something;
Reapply an existing process or product into a new or different market;
Develop a new way of looking at something (bringing a new idea into existence);
Change the way someone else looks at something.
 
 
【什么是创造性思维】
 
Creative thinking is the process which we use when we come up with a new idea. It is the merging of ideas which have not been merged before. Brainstorming is one form of creative thinking: it works by merging someone else's ideas with your own to create a new one. You are using the ideas of others as a stimulus for your own. Creative thinking is a potential power you are born with. If you don't use that power fully, it is probably because you don't know or apply the simple principles for developing it. You can remedy that situation right now, if you like. Creative thinking goes beyond solving specific problems or inventing things. Truly creative minds are always coming up with the questions too, not just the solutions. If you want to be more creative all the time, focus on three things:
Challenge assumptions;
Change perspective;
Let ideas run wild.
 
【创造性人才特点】Characteristics of the creative person include:

Curious;
Seeks problems;
Enjoys challenge;
Optimistic;
Able to suspend judgment;
Comfortable with imagination;
Sees problems as opportunities;
Sees problems as interesting;
Problems are emotionally acceptable;
Challenges assumptions;
Doesn't give up easily: perseveres, works hard.
 
【与批判性思维的区别】

Much of the thinking done in formal education emphasizes the skills of analysis: teaching students how to understand claims, follow or create a logical argument, figure out the answer, eliminate the incorrect paths and focus on the correct one. However, there is another kind of thinking, one that focuses on exploring ideas, generating possibilities, looking for many right answers rather than just one. Both of these kinds of thinking are vital to a successful working life, yet the latter one tends to be ignored until after college. We might differentiate these two kinds of thinking like this:
 
Critical Thinking Creative Thinking
analytic generative
onvergent divergent
vertical lateral
probability possibility
judgment suspended
judgment
focused diffuse
objective subjective
answers an answer
left brain right brain
verbal visual
linear associative
reasoning richness,
novelty
yes but yes and
 
以上是这次环球托福为大家搜集整理的关于GRE写作素材之创造性思维。更多GRE写作素材,尽在环球托福。