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GMAT作文评分标准

2014-07-30 09:59| 来源:环球托福

摘要: GMAT作文评分标准有两部分独立的评分系统组成,下面就由环球托福严春华老师为考生详细介绍下 GMAT作文评分标准 ,希望考生仔细阅读,找出获得高分的技巧。 一、 GMAT作文评分标准
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    GMAT作文评分标准有两部分独立的评分系统组成,下面就由环球托福严春华老师为考生详细介绍下GMAT作文评分标准,希望考生仔细阅读,找出获得高分的技巧。

    一、GMAT作文评分标准:具体评分内容
    1 、电脑评分。电脑评分会对包括文章结构和语言应用的超过50个标准进行评分,其中有主旨分析,思路结构和句法
    2、 大学教师评分,以补充电脑评分的不足。
    六分(OUTSTANDING):对事件的复杂性的分析清楚有力;熟练驾驭有效写作的要素。
    A)在就某事件展开分析和阐述自己观点时摆出有洞察力的原因和/或有说服力的事例。
    B)结构清晰。
    C)对于语言(包括用词和句法多样性)有很好的掌握。
    D)文章完全符合标准书面英语规范(包括语法、用法和拼写规则),但可能会有小错误。

    二、GMAT作文评分标准:易错点
    GMAT作文题目基本可以归纳为以下几类错误:
    错误一:无因果联系
    The author commits a fallacy of causal oversimplification. The line of the reasoning is that because A occurred before B, the former event is responsible for the latter. (The author uses the positive correlation between A and B to establish causality. However, the fact that A coincides with B does not necessarily prove that A caused B.) But this is fallacious reasoning unless other possible causal explanations have been considered and ruled out. For example, perhaps C is the cause of these events or perhaps B is caused by D.
    错误二: Insufficient-sample
The evidence the author provides is insufficient to support the conclusion drawn from it. One example is logically unsounded to establish a general conclusion (The statistics from only a few recent years are not necessarily a good indicator of future trends), unless it can be shown that A1 is representative of all A. It is possible that.... In fact, in face of such limited evidence, the conclusion that B is completely unwarranted.
    错误三: 错误类比 (based on a false analogy )<横向>
The argument rests on the assumption that A is analogous to B in all respects. This assumption is weak, since although there are points of comparison between A and B, there is much dissimilarity as well. For example, A..., however, B.... Thus, it is likely much more difficult for B to do....
    错误四: all things are equal<纵向>
The author commits the fallacy of “all things are equal”. The fact that happened two years ago is not a sound evidence to draw a conclusion that.... The author assumes without justification that the background conditions have remained the same at different times or at different locations. However, it is not clear in this argument whether the current conditions at AA are the same as they used to be two years ago. Thus it is impossible to conclude that....
    错误五: Either-Or choice
The author assumes that AA and BB are mutually exclusive alternatives and there is no room for a middle ground. However, the author provides no reason for imposing an either-or choice. Common sense tells us that adjusting both AA and BB might produce better results.
    错误六: survey is doubtful
The poll cited by the author is too vague to be informative. The claim does not indicate who conducted the poll, who responded, or when, where and how the poll was conducted. (Lacking information about the number of people surveyed and the number of respondents, it is impossible to access the validity of the results. For example, if 200 persons were surveyed but only 2 responded, the conclusion that...would be highly suspect. Because the argument offers no evidence that would rule out this kind of interpretations,) Until these questions are answered, the results of the survey are worthless as evidence for the conclusion.
    错误七: gratuitous assumption
The author falsely depends on gratuitous assumption that.... However, no evidence is stated in the argument to support this assumption. In fact, this is not necessarily the case. For example, it is more likely that.... Therefore, this argument is unwarranted without ruling out such possibility.
 
    以上就是环球托福老师总结的关于GMAT作文评分标准的相关信息,其中的错误点老师也给列举了出来,希望考生在考试过程中能够很好的应用,最后很好的运用,避免这些错误,从而能够很好的通过考试。