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GMAT阅读真题分析(二)

2014-04-04 18:35| 来源:环球GMAT

摘要: 今天,环球托福为大家搜集了一篇GMAT阅读真题,供大家参考练习,并附上做题分析过程。相信这一篇GMAT阅读真题分析(二)能对大家有所帮助。
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GMAT阅读真题
 
Colonial historian David Allen's intensive study of five communities in seventeenth-century Massachusetts is a model of meticulous scholarship on the detailed microcosmic level, and is convincing up to a point.   
Allen suggests that much more coherence and direct continuity existed between English and colonial agricultural practices and administrative organization than other historians have suggested.    
However, he overstates his case with the declaration that he has proved "the remarkable extent to which diversity in New England local institutions was directly imitative of regional differences in the mother country."
 
Such an assertion ignores critical differences between seventeenth-century England and New England.   
First, England was overcrowded and land-hungry; New England was sparsely populated and labor-hungry.    
Second, England suffered the normal European rate of mortality; New England, especially in the first generation of English colonists, was virtually free from infectious diseases.    
Third, England had an all-embracing state church; in New England membership in a church was restricted to the elect.    
Fourth, a high proportion of English villagers lived under paternalistic resident squires; no such class existed in New England.   
By narrowing his focus to village institutions and ignoring these critical differences, which studies by Greven, Demos, and Lockridge have shown to be so important, Allen has created a somewhat distorted picture of reality.
 
Allen's work is a rather extreme example of the "country community" school of seventeenth-century English history whose intemperate excesses in removing all national issues from the history of that period have been exposed by Professor Clive Holmes.    
What conclusion can be drawn, for example, from Allen's discovery that Puritan clergy who had come to the colonies from East Anglia were one-third to one-half as likely to return to England by 1660 as were Puritan ministers from western and northern England?  
We are not told in what way, if at all, this discovery illuminates historical understanding.   
Studies of local history have enormously expanded our horizons, but it is a mistake for their authors to conclude that village institutions are all that mattered, simply because their functions are all that the records of village institutions reveal.
 
GMAT阅读真题分析
 
文章概况:第一段开头说有一个家伙研究社区,这个家伙的研究还是比较考谱的。后面详细谈了一些研究
的内容,大概围绕的农业和行政组织谈的,但后面又说他的这个研究有些不对劲的地方。第二段开始详细 叙述有几个地方不对劲,一共列举了四点。而第三段开始说这个家伙的研究有哪些意义。
 
 
Question #1
According to the passage, which of the following was true of most villages in seventeenth-century England?
(A) The resident squire had significant authority.
(B) Church members were selected on the basis of their social status within the community.
(C) Low population density restricted agricultural and economic growth.
(D) There was little diversity in local institutions from one region to another.
(E) National events had little impact on local customs and administrative organization.
 
GMAT阅读真题分析
 
文的是个细节,得看看十七世纪的英国村子在文章的什么地方。根据文章脉络,我们知道这个细节文章第
二段的第四个缺点就说了,,我们读下这句:说大量的村民住在什么 squire 下我们来看看选项
A  反正和 squire 有点联系,先留着
B  教会成员根据社会地位来选,没提,杀
C  低人口密度抑制了农业和经济增长,没提,杀
D  local institutions 多样性不够,没提,杀
E  国家的事件对地方风俗和行政影响不大,没提,杀
 
 
Question #2
 
 
The passage suggests that Professor Clive Holmes would most likely agree with which of the following statements?
 
 
(A) An understanding of seventeenth-century English local institutions requires a consideration of national issues.
(B) The "country community" school of seventeenth-century English history distorts historical evidence in order to establish continuity between old and new institutions.
(C) Most historians distort reality by focusing on national concerns to the exclusion of local concerns.
(D) National issues are best understood from the perspective of those at the local level.
(E) Local histories of seventeenth-century English villages have contributed little to the understanding of village life.
 
GMAT阅读真题分析
 
细节,找到那个教授的观点,应该在第三段首句,我们读一下:说的是这个教授研究了一些国家的 issue(我
只管这句话中对于教授观点的表述,其它对于问题没有用的信息尽量少看),我们来看看选项。
A 理解一个东西需要 national issue,和原文有点关系,留着
B  文章没提,杀
C  没提,杀
D  好歹也和 national issue 有点关系,留着
E  没提,杀
A 强调的是我需要 national issue,D 说 national issue 从地方的角度能更好的理解,原文说的是 national issue
对于那个研究的作用,哪个更好,显然是 A,当然,A 也不怎么样,但至少比 D 恶心程度轻多了。
 
 
Question #3
 
 
It can be inferred from the passage that the author of the passage considers Allen's "discovery" (see highlighted text) to be
 
(A) already known to earlier historians
(B) based on a logical fallacy
(C) improbable but nevertheless convincing
(D) an unexplained, isolated fact
(E) a new, insightful observation 问的是第三段那个例子目的是什么,例子是论证观点的,观点是例子前面那句,大概说的是这个家伙的研 究是一个极端的例子,反正说的是这
 
GMAT阅读真题分析
 
个研究不太好,我们看选项
A 早期历史学家已经知道了,没提,杀
B 基于一个逻辑上的错误,方向一致,先留着
C 不合适但还是可信的,放心是好的,原文方向是不好,杀
D 一个没解释孤立的事实,方向也是不好,留着
E 方向反了,杀
B 说一个错误,D 说一个孤立的事实,哪个像佛,显然是 D 而且原文也说是一个极端的例子明显也是围绕 事实谈而不是逻辑错误谈的,选 D
 
 
Question #4
 
The author of the passage is primarily concerned with
 
 
(A) substantiating a claim about a historical event
(B) reconciling two opposing ideas about a historical era
(C) disputing evidence a scholar uses to substantiate a claim about a historical event
(D) analyzing two approaches to scholarly research and evaluating their methodologies
(E) criticizing a particular study and the approach to historical scholarship it represents 问主旨,我们直接看选项
 
GMAT阅读真题分析
 
A 支持一个观点,文章越往后越说这个家伙研究不对劲,方向不是支持,杀
B 调解两个观点,文章没说两个观点,是围绕一个家伙的研究谈的,杀
C 驳斥一个东西,方向凑合,先留着
D 文章没提过两种方法,杀
E 方向一致,留着
C 和 E 都说驳斥,只不过驳斥的东西不一样,一个驳斥的是证据一个驳斥的是研究,文章明明说的是一个 研究不对劲,选 E
 
以上即是本次环球托福为大家整理搜集的GMAT阅读真题,GMAT阅读真题分析(二)。环球托福祝你考试顺利。如果想了解GMAT阅读真题分析(一),点欢迎击黑体字阅读学习。