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GMAT语法考试中常见错误分析(中)

2014-03-25 19:10| 来源:环球GMAT

摘要: 今天,环球托福给大家详细得进行GMAT语法考试中常见错误分析,一共分上中下篇。值得大家收藏。
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GAMT语法考试中,我们考生会遇到一些主谓宾等语法问题,语法既是GMAT考试中重要的一部分,更是衡量我们考生英语能力基础强弱的标准之一。今天,环球托福给大家详细得进行GMAT语法考试中常见错误分析,一共分上中下篇。值得大家收藏。
 
GMAT语法考试中常见错误分析(15-29)
 
15)定语从句中的关系代词:which who that的区别
A - that和which不指人,之人就用who。指物时用that/which
B- 限制性定语从句(没有用逗号隔开的句子)用that; 非限制性定语从句(有逗号)用which
C- 定语从句满足就近指代原则:
A v B that vo: that一定指B,绝不指A
Exp: Julie wears a jacket that was bought yesterday.中that修饰夹克衫
这种情况若想用that修饰A的话,句型改为:A that vo V B—体现就近原则
A of B that VO: 这种情况That可能指A也可能指B,用来修饰B最恰当
要修饰A 时,绝对不可改为:A that vo of B
可以改为:that vo, A of B这样才是尽量满足就近的原则
推论:宾语后用的定语从句A V B (that…)一定不指主语!这是绝对的错误
A of B that VO如果that是用来修饰A的是相对性错误
 
16) A number of/the number of + 复数名词 a large number of/large numbers of 相当于many
A number of=several 谓语是复数形式 the number of…的主语是number,谓语单数形式
 
17)表达数字的变化只有两种方法:from 6 to 10/ to 10 from 6其余搭配错误
 
18)However 不仅仅是转折连词,有时解释no matter how,语气强烈,结合具体句意分清
 
19)表示相同语义的词不同时前后出现。Exp: raise/rise/soar/increase/grow/double
 
20)be estimated to:对应主语是物体本身
be estimated at:对应主语是表示数量的词:年龄,长度,温度,大小,成本,重量etc
Exp: Tom is estimated to be 12 years old------The age of Tom is estimated at 12 years old
 
 
21)So that倒装句式的实现:so + adj. 提前表强调,助动词提前,其余不变,构成倒装
Exp: The weather is so hot that Mary can not stand under the sun even more than a minute!
 
22)including是介词词性,“…, including”放在句尾,就近指前面的名词
 
23)语言简洁的优先级:be able/liable/unable to/can > ability > capable > capability 通常不用capability
The ability of sb to do/ability to do be capable of doing
在表达能力方面绝对不用被动语态:be able to be done/ be capable of being done肯定错
 
24)相同意思的单词使用优先级:Once > at one time About > concerning no > not any after>following
 
25)表示组成或包含的词:to consist of/be composed of/comprise + n.表示由…组成
 
26)…, which VS …,doing: 前者which主语是就近原则,作定语。后者doing主语是前句主语,作状语。
 
27)表示原因的词:in that=because BUT in that 不可用于句首
On account of = because of + n. 都是prep.
 
28)The same to…as to… 固定用法:对…来说,…是一样的
 
29)…extent to which v…的用法,extent做程度讲,和TO搭配
Range from…to…固定搭配,常用a wide range from…to…
Think of A as B. 将A想做是B, 固定搭配用法
At least as…as/ as…as or more than 都有“大于等于”的意思,at least & more不同时出现
As作为“当某人是xxx”来解释的时候,直接加名词:as + n. as a teacher
Available是较特殊的a. 前后置修饰都可以. n. + available / available + n.
Be known for sth/ to sb /to do
Be known as(作为…而著名/被称为)+ n. 后跟名词而不是V+ ing
Be in danger of sth固定搭配
Required单用时是require to do
Be need necessary to do sth
Depict/view/regard/conceive of/think of/use + A as B这些词有固定搭配
Act/function + as 应作,作为.act和function用做vi.直接加as
Amount to: v. 总计,共计/ n. 数量
Lack of + n. / lacking adj. be lacking in / lack (vt.) sth / lack (vi.) for sth
Equal vt.等于 equal to adj.
As if/as though 实际含义是“就是”,不是“好像”
Credit后面不接动名词,用credit + A to B / credit + A with B
Pay for (√) 不用pay in这样的搭配。
Plan to do sth = plan on doing sth
 
以上是这次环球托福向GMAT考生们介绍的GMAT语法考试中常见错误分析上篇,未完待续,请看下篇。