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GMAT阅读实例分析(三)

2014-03-24 15:07| 来源:环球GMAT

摘要: 环球托福整理搜集的这一篇GMAT阅读实例分析(三),大家参考练习,并附上做题分析过程。环球托福愿与你分享。
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环球托福整理搜集的这一篇GMAT阅读实例分析(三),大家参考练习,并附上做题分析过程。希望对你的GMAT阅读有所帮助。更多相关GMAT学习文章,尽在环球托福官方网站。
 
Some historians contend that conditions in the United States during the Second World War gave rise to a dynamic wartime alliance between trade unions and the African American community, an alliance that advanced the cause of civil rights. They conclude that the postwar demise of this vital alliance constituted a lost opportunity for the civil rights movement that followed the war. Other scholars, however, have portrayed organized labor as defending all along the relatively privileged position of White workers relative to African American workers. Clearly, these two perspectives are not easily reconcilable, but the historical reality is not reducible to one or the other.
 
Unions faced a choice between either maintaining the prewar status quo or promoting a more inclusive approach that sought for all members the right to participate in the internal affairs of unions, access to skilled and high-paying positions within the occupational hierarchy, and protection against management's arbitrary authority in the workplace. While union representatives often voiced this inclusive ideal, in practice unions far more often favored entrenched interests. The accelerating development of the civil rights movement following the Second World War exacerbated the unions' dilemma, forcing trade unionists to confront contradictions in their own practices.
 
Question #1
 
The "unions' dilemma" mentioned in the highlighted text can best be described as the question of whether or not to
 
(A) pressure management to create more skilled and high-paying positions
(B) fight for greater union participation in management decisions
(C) include minority workers in their membership
(D) extend full rights and benefits to all their members
(E) emphasize the recruitment of new members over serving the needs of current members
 
Question #2
 
According to the passage, the historians mentioned in the first highlighted portion of text and the scholars mentioned in the second highlighted portion disagree about the
 
(A) contribution made by organized labor to the war effort during the Second World War
(B) issues that union members considered most important during the Second World War
(C) relationship between unions and African Americans during the Second World War
(D) effect of the Second World War on the influence of unions in the workplace
(E) extent to which African Americans benefited from social and political changes following the Second World War
 
Question #3

The passage is primarily concerned with

(A) providing a context within which to evaluate opposing viewpoints about a historical phenomenon
(B) identifying a flawed assumption underlying one interpretation of a historical phenomenon
(C) assessing the merits and weaknesses of a controversial theory about a historical phenomenon
(D) discussing the historical importance of the development of a wartime alliance
(E) evaluating evidence used to support a particular interpretation of a historical phenomenon
 
文章概况:文章第一段说二战导致工会和工人联盟,后面说有人认为这种同盟好有人不这么认为,而且这 两个方面还不可调和。
 
GMAT阅读实例分析
第二段开头说是维持战前状态还是为所以员工争取权利工会左右为难。而这个趋势俞演俞烈导致工会的人 要解决这个困境。
 
1 、问那个两难的境地是什么!刚才我们扫文章的时候已经知道这个两难的境地是要么维持战前水平要么 为所有工人谋求权利。我们带着这个信息来看看选项!
 
A 给管理层施压提供更多高薪职位,没说过,杀。
B  加入管理层,没提过,杀
C  把一少部分人变成会员,没提,杀
D  把权利和好处延伸到所有成员,和文章有点关系,先留着
E  招募新的成员,没提,杀
 
2、问两个不同的地方人观点的差异是什么,差异通过什么地方体现出来?显然是后面那个人的,我们关
注 however 后面所说的就可以了(当然你把两个人的都读了找出差异也可以,只不过我考场没那么多时间, 你呢?)我们来看看 however 后面这句话 Other scholars, however, have portrayed organized labor as defending
all along the relatively privileged position of White workers relative to African American workers.  大概说的是白 种工人相对于非洲来的美国工人有特权。我们来看看选项
 
A 劳动力对于二战所做的贡献,没提,杀。
B  一些 union member 认为是最重要的话题,没提,杀
C union 和非洲来的美国工人之间的关系,主体还有点关系,而且说的有点像佛,先留着
D 二战对于 union 的影响,没提, 
E  非洲来的美国工人从社会和政治的变革中受益,没提,杀。
 
3、 问主旨,我们直接来看选项
 
A  两个家伙对于一个现象相反的观点,和文章第一段有点关系,留着
B  一个错误的假设,文章没谈谁对谁错,就是对比了两个人的态度,主观答案,去掉
C  一个矛盾理论的优缺点。文章就没谈过一个矛盾的理论,更不要说它的优缺点了
D  战争同盟的重要性,文章确实谈过,但只是个背景,不能回答问题,干掉
E  一个东西来支持对一个历史现象的解读,文章都出现 however 了,肯定不是支持,杀
 
以上即是本次环球托福为大家整理搜集的GMAT阅读真题,GMAT阅读实例分析(二)。环球托福祝你考试顺利。如果想了解GMAT阅读实例分析(一)GMAT阅读实例分析(二),欢迎击黑体字阅读学习。